Iterators LLC (en-US) Blog 2024-03-05T08:34:59+00:00 https://iteratorstesting.com/blog/feed Iterators LLC (en-US) info@iteratorstesting.com https://iteratorstesting.com/blog/testing-objectives Testing Objectives: Understanding the Importance and Types of Testing Goals 2023-10-16T09:04:00+00:00 2024-01-11T12:26:55+00:00 David Willcox https://iteratorstesting.com/

Clear testing objectives are essential in software testing to ensure that the software adheres to the intended software quality standards. Testing objectives are the specific goals that you want to achieve through your testing efforts, which are typically outlined in a test plan. These objectives can vary depending on the type of software application being developed and tested, as well as the specific needs of the business analysis.

In software development, testing objectives should be established early on in the software development life cycle, often during the quality analysis and risk assessment phase. This helps ensure that testing efforts are aligned with the overall goals of the project and that the testing process is efficient and effective, providing information on the software's readiness for production use.

Testing objectives can include various testing techniques like regression testing, root cause analysis, and verification of functional requirements. These objectives aim to confirm that the software meets the specified requirements, ensuring both verification and validation of the software product. Additionally, objectives related to software performance and security are crucial, particularly for web applications.

By having clear testing objectives, you can determine the confidence level in the software's quality, identify and address issues early in the software development process, and minimize risks associated with software defects. This proactive approach can save time and money in the long run and enhance the overall quality of the software product. Furthermore, having well-defined testing objectives can help you communicate the importance of testing to stakeholders, making a strong business case for investing in comprehensive testing processes.

In This Article
Testing Objectives: Understanding the Importance and Types of Testing Goals
Objectives of Software Testing
Types of Testing Objectives
Key Elements of Testing Objectives
Steps to Formulate Effective Testing Objectives
The Impact of Testing Objectives on Test Coverage
Common Mistakes while Setting Testing Objectives
Ambiguous Objectives
Unrealistic Objectives
Lack of Prioritization
Lack of Collaboration
Final Thoughts
Frequently Asked Questions

Objectives of Software Testing

As previously mentioned, within the realm of software testing, objectives are the fundamental goals that testers aim to achieve. These objectives guide the testing process, helping testers identify defects, assess software quality, and ensure that the final product meets the desired standards. Additionally, setting clear and measurable objectives is essential for effective communication among testing teams and stakeholders, ensuring everyone understands the testing goals and their importance in delivering a reliable software product.

Types of Testing Objectives

The main objectives of software testing are to ensure that the software is reliable, efficient, and meets the user's requirements. The following are the typical objectives of software testing:

  • To identify defects in the software and prevent them from becoming errors or bugs in the final product.
  • To validate that the software meets the specified requirements and functionality.
  • To improve the quality of the software by identifying and removing defects.
  • To ensure that the software is user-friendly and meets the user's needs.
  • To ensure that the software is secure and protects sensitive data.

Key Elements of Testing Objectives

The key elements of testing objectives are:

  1. To achieve a specific objective
  2. To prevent defects
  3. To identify defects.

The objective of testing is to ensure that the software is reliable, efficient, and meets the user's requirements. Preventing defects is an essential part of the testing process. If defects are not prevented, they can become errors or bugs in the final product, which can lead to significant problems. Identifying defects is also essential because it helps to improve the quality of the software by identifying and removing defects.

Understanding testing objectives is critical because it helps to set the tester's intentions clearly and shape the overall testing strategy. The objectives of software testing are to prevent defects, find defects, and achieve a specific objective. By achieving these objectives, testers can ensure that the software is reliable, efficient, and meets the user's requirements.

Steps to Formulate Effective Testing Objectives

Testing objectives

To create effective testing objectives, you need to follow a few steps. These steps will help you to formulate objectives that are clear, concise, and measurable. Here are the steps:

  1. Gather Requirements: The first step in creating effective testing objectives is to gather the requirements. You need to understand what the application or system is supposed to do, and what the user's expectations are. This will help you to define your testing objectives.
  2. Define the Scope: Once you have gathered the requirements, you need to define the scope of your testing. This means identifying what areas of the application or system you will be testing, and what areas you will not.
  3. Set Measurable Goals: Your testing objectives should be measurable. This means that you need to set goals that can be quantified. For example, you might set a goal to achieve a certain level of performance or to find a certain number of defects.
  4. Identify Testing Methods: You need to identify the testing methods that you will be using to achieve your testing objectives. This might include functional testing, exploratory testing automated testing, or a combination of all three.

By following these steps, you can create effective testing objectives that will help you to achieve your testing goals.

The Impact of Testing Objectives on Test Coverage

Clear and properly defined testing objectives can help improve test coverage and ensure that all application parts are tested properly. By setting specific testing objectives, you can focus your testing efforts on the most critical areas of the application and ensure that all necessary test cases are executed.

When defining testing objectives, it is important to consider the different types of test cases that are required to achieve full test coverage. These may include functional, performance, security, and usability tests, among others. By setting clear objectives for each type of test, you can ensure that all aspects of the application are adequately tested.

In addition to defining the types of tests that are required, testing objectives should also include specific steps that need to be taken to execute each test case. This may include identifying the data that needs to be input, the expected output, and any preconditions or postconditions that need to be met.

By following a structured approach to testing and setting clear objectives for each type of test case, you can ensure that all parts of the application are tested thoroughly. This can help identify defects or issues early in the development cycle, reducing the risk of costly rework or delays later on.

Overall, by taking the time to define clear testing objectives, you can improve test coverage and ensure that all parts of the application are tested properly. This can help improve the application's quality and reduce the risk of defects or issues arising in production.

Common Mistakes While Setting Testing Objectives

Objectives of software testing

Setting testing objectives is a crucial step in any testing process. However, it is also a step that is often prone to mistakes. Here are some common mistakes that you should avoid while setting testing objectives:

1. Ambiguous Objectives

One of the most common mistakes testers make while setting testing objectives is creating ambiguous objectives. Ambiguous objectives are objectives that are unclear and can be interpreted in multiple ways. This can lead to confusion and miscommunication within the testing team, resulting in a lack of focus and direction.

To prevent this mistake, make sure your objectives are specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART). This will help ensure that everyone on the testing team understands the objectives and is working towards the same goal.

2. Unrealistic Objectives

Another mistake testers often make is setting unrealistic objectives. Unrealistic objectives are objectives that are too difficult or impossible to achieve within the given time and resources. This can lead to frustration and demotivation among testers, resulting in poor testing quality.

To prevent this mistake, make sure your objectives are realistic and achievable within the given time and resources. Consider factors such as the complexity of the system under test, the skill level of the testing team, and the available testing tools and technologies.

3. Lack of Prioritization

A common mistake testers make is failing to prioritize their objectives. Prioritization is essential to ensure that the most critical aspects of the system under test are tested first. Without prioritization, testers may waste time testing less critical features, leaving critical defects undiscovered.

To prevent this mistake, prioritize your objectives based on the criticality of the features being tested and the potential impact of defects on the system under test. This will help ensure that the most critical aspects of the system are tested first.

4. Lack of Collaboration

Finally, a common mistake testers make is failing to collaborate when setting testing objectives. Collaboration is essential to ensure that everyone on the testing team is on the same page and working towards the same goal.

To prevent this mistake, involve all members of the testing team in the objective-setting process. Encourage open communication and collaboration to ensure that everyone's input is considered in the objective-setting process.

By avoiding these common mistakes, you can ensure that your testing objectives are clear, realistic, prioritized, and collaborative, resulting in more effective and efficient testing.

Final Thoughts

Overall, creating effective testing objectives is a critical component of any software development process. By defining clear objectives that are aligned with user requirements and expectations, you can ensure that your testing efforts are focused, efficient, and effective and that you can deliver a high-quality product that meets the needs of your users.

Frequently Asked Questions

What role do testing objectives play in the overall software development lifecycle?

Testing objectives play a crucial role in the software development lifecycle. They help ensure that the software meets the desired quality standards and that it is free from defects and errors. Testing objectives also help to identify potential risks and issues that may arise during the development process and provide a roadmap for addressing these issues.

What is the importance of setting clear and measurable testing objectives?

Setting clear and measurable testing objectives is important because it allows you to track progress and measure the effectiveness of your testing efforts. By setting specific goals and objectives, you can ensure that your testing efforts are aligned with the overall project goals and that you are focusing on the most critical aspects of the software. Clear and measurable testing objectives also help to improve communication and collaboration among team members and ensure that everyone is working towards the same goals.

How do you prioritize testing objectives when resources and time are limited?

When resources and time are limited, it is important to prioritize testing objectives based on their importance and impact on the software. You should focus on testing the most critical and high-risk areas of the software first, and then move on to less critical areas. It is also important to consider the potential impact of defects and errors on the end users and prioritize testing objectives accordingly.

What metrics or key performance indicators (KPIs) can be used to measure the achievement of testing objectives?

Several metrics and KPIs can be used to measure the achievement of testing objectives, including defect density, defect rejection rate, test coverage, and test case execution rate. These metrics can help you track progress identify areas for improvement, and ensure that your testing efforts are aligned with the overall project goals.

Relevant Resources:


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https://iteratorstesting.com/blog/test-scenario-vs-test-case The Ultimate Showdown: Test Scenario vs Test Case Explained 2023-09-14T11:46:00+00:00 2024-01-16T13:40:35+00:00 David Willcox https://iteratorstesting.com/

Test scenarios and test cases are both essential components of software testing. They help ensure that the software is functioning as intended and meets the requirements of the end users. While these terms are often used interchangeably, they are actually two distinct concepts.

A test scenario is a high-level description of a particular testing situation. It outlines the steps that a user might take and the expected outcomes. Test scenarios are typically used to identify potential issues and ensure that the software is meeting the needs of the end-users. On the other hand, a test case is a more detailed description of a specific test scenario. It includes the exact steps that the tester should take, the expected results, and any necessary input data. Test cases are used to ensure that the software is functioning correctly and to identify any defects or issues that need to be addressed.

Multiple test cases can be derived from a single test scenario. Test cases are used to test specific aspects of the software, such as its functionality, performance, and security. By contrast, test scenarios are used to test the software as a whole and ensure that it meets the needs of the end users. Understanding the differences between test scenarios and test cases is crucial for effective software testing and ensuring the quality of the software.

In This Article
The Ultimate Showdown: Test Scenario vs Test Case Explained
Test Case: Defining and Understanding
Test Scenario: Clarification and Comprehension
Writing Test Scenarios and Test Cases
Creating Test Scenarios
Creating Test Cases
Types of Test Cases
Functional Test Cases
Integration Test Cases
Usability Test Cases
Security Test Cases
Performance Test Cases
Database Test Cases
UI Test Cases
Regression Test Cases
Key Differences Between Test Scenarios and Test Cases
Test Scenario vs Test Case
Key Differences
Test Execution
Test Execution Phases
Test Environment
Executing Test Cases
Case Study of Bugs Missed in Client-Created Test Plans
Role of Test Engineers
Final Thoughts
Frequently Asked Questions

Test Case: Defining and Understanding

A test case is a set of instructions or conditions that are used to determine whether a particular software application or system is working as intended. It is a documentation of the inputs, actions, and expected results of a specific test.

Test cases are an essential part of software testing as they help ensure that a system is functioning correctly and that any errors or bugs are identified and addressed. They are used to verify that the software meets the requirements and specifications outlined by the client or stakeholder.

A test case typically includes the following elements:

  • Test case ID: A unique identifier for the test case.
  • Test case description: A brief description of what the test case is testing.
  • Test steps: The actions required to execute the test.
  • Expected result: The expected outcome of the test.

Multiple test cases can be created for a single software application or system to cover different scenarios and test different functionalities. By creating multiple test cases, testers can ensure that the software is thoroughly tested and that all potential issues are identified.

Implementing test cases involves creating a plan and executing it to verify that the software meets the requirements and specifications. For example, a test case might be created to verify that a user can log in to a website using their username and password. The test would involve entering the credentials, clicking the login button, and verifying that the user is redirected to the correct page.

In conclusion, test cases are an essential part of software testing as they help ensure that a system is functioning correctly and that any errors or bugs are identified and addressed. By creating multiple test cases, testers can ensure that the software is thoroughly tested and that all potential issues are identified.

Test scenario

Test Scenario: Clarification and Comprehension

A test scenario is a high-level description of a particular feature or function of the software that needs to be tested. It is a broad term that refers to a set of conditions or variables that a tester needs to consider while testing a software application.

Test scenarios are used to ensure that the software application meets the requirements of the end users. They help in identifying potential defects or issues in the software application before it is released into the market. Test scenarios are also used to ensure that the software application is functioning as expected and is free from any errors.

For example, consider an e-commerce website that allows users to purchase products online. A test scenario for this website could be to test the checkout process. The tester needs to consider various conditions such as adding and removing items from the cart, applying discounts, entering payment details, and placing the order. By testing these scenarios, the tester can ensure that the checkout process is functioning as expected and is free from any errors.

Test scenarios are an essential part of the software testing process. They help in identifying potential defects or issues in the software application before it is released into the market. By testing different scenarios, the tester can ensure that the software application meets the requirements of the end users and is free from any errors.

In conclusion, test scenarios are an essential part of the software testing process. They help in ensuring that the software application meets the requirements of the end users and is free from any errors. By testing different scenarios, the tester can identify potential defects or issues in the software application before it is released into the market.

Writing Test Scenarios and Test Cases

When it comes to testing software, writing test scenarios and test cases is an essential process. This section will provide an overview of the steps involved in creating test scenarios and test cases.

Creating Test Scenarios

Test scenarios are high-level descriptions of the functionality that is being tested. They describe a particular use case or scenario that a user might encounter when using the software. Test scenarios should be written in a way that is easy to understand and should include the following information:

  • The objective of the scenario
  • The input values required to execute the scenario
  • The expected output of the scenario

To create a test scenario, follow these steps:

  1. Identify the feature or functionality that needs to be tested.
  2. Determine the objective of the scenario.
  3. Identify the input values required to execute the scenario.
  4. Determine the expected output of the scenario.
  5. Write the scenario in a clear and concise manner.

Creating Test Cases

Test cases are detailed instructions that describe how to test a particular feature or functionality. They provide step-by-step instructions on how to execute the test scenario and should include the following information:

  • The precondition required to execute the test case
  • The steps required to execute the test case
  • The expected result of the test case
  • Any additional notes or comments about the test case

To create a test case, follow these steps:

  1. Identify the test scenario that needs to be tested.
  2. Determine the precondition required to execute the test case.
  3. Write the steps required to execute the test case.
  4. Determine the expected result of the test case.
  5. Include any additional notes or comments about the test case.

Test case creation can be a time-consuming process, but it is essential to ensure that the software is thoroughly tested. By following these steps, testers can create effective test scenarios and test cases that will help ensure the quality of the software.

Types of test cases

Types of Test Cases

When it comes to software testing, there are different types of test cases that can be used to ensure the quality of the software. Some of the most common types of test cases are:

Functional Test Cases

Functional test cases are designed to test the functionality of the software. They are used to ensure that the software is working as intended and that all features are functioning correctly. Functional test cases can be automated or manual, depending on the complexity of the software.

Integration Test Cases

Integration test cases are used to test how different components of the software interact with each other. They are designed to ensure that the software components work together seamlessly and that there are no compatibility issues.

Usability Test Cases

Usability test cases are designed to test how easy it is to use the software. They are used to ensure that the software is user-friendly and that users can easily navigate through the software.

Security Test Cases

Security test cases are designed to test the security of the software. They are used to ensure that the software is protected against unauthorized access and that sensitive data is secure.

Performance Test Cases

Performance test cases are used to test the performance of the software. They are designed to ensure that the software can handle a large number of users and that it can handle heavy loads without crashing.

Database Test Cases

Database test cases are designed to test the functionality of the database. They are used to ensure that the database is working as intended and that data can be retrieved and stored correctly.

UI Test Cases

UI test cases are designed to test the user interface of the software. They are used to ensure that the software is visually appealing and that users can easily navigate through the software.

Regression Test Cases

Regression test cases are designed to test whether new changes to the software have affected existing functionality. They are used to ensure that the software is still functioning correctly after changes have been made.

In conclusion, by using different types of test cases, testers can ensure that the software is of high quality and that it meets the requirements of the users.

Test scenario test case differences

Key Differences Between Test Scenarios and Test Cases

Test scenarios and test cases are both important aspects of software testing, but they serve different purposes. Understanding the differences between them can help software testers create more effective test plans and ensure that all aspects of the software are thoroughly tested.

Test Scenario vs Test Case

  • A test scenario is a hypothetical situation that describes a particular aspect of the software being tested. It is a high-level description of the functionality being tested and the expected outcome. A test case, on the other hand, is a detailed set of instructions that describes how to test a specific aspect of the software. It includes steps to follow, expected results, and actual results.
  • Test scenarios are often used to create test cases. A test scenario can be broken down into multiple test cases, each of which tests a specific aspect of the scenario. Test cases are more detailed and specific than test scenarios, and they provide a clear set of instructions for testing a particular aspect of the software.
  • Test scenarios are often used to test the software from the end user's perspective. They describe the expected behavior of the software in a particular situation. Test cases, on the other hand, are used to test specific aspects of the software, such as a particular function or feature.
  • Test scenarios are often used to create test cases, but they can also be used on their own to test the software. They are useful for identifying potential issues and ensuring that the software is functioning as expected in various situations. Test cases, on the other hand, are used to test specific aspects of the software in a more detailed and systematic manner.
  • The key difference between test scenarios and test cases is that test scenarios are high-level descriptions of the functionality being tested, while test cases are detailed instructions for testing a specific aspect of the software. Test scenarios are useful for identifying potential issues and ensuring that the software is functioning as expected in various situations. Test cases are used to test specific aspects of the software in a more detailed and systematic manner.

Key Differences

The key differences between test scenarios and test cases can be summarized as follows:

  • Test scenarios are high-level descriptions of the functionality being tested, while test cases are detailed instructions for testing a specific aspect of the software.
  • Test scenarios are often used to create test cases, but they can also be used on their own to test the software.
  • Test scenarios are useful for identifying potential issues and ensuring that the software is functioning as expected in various situations.
  • Test cases are used to test specific aspects of the software in a more detailed and systematic manner.

Understanding the differences between test scenarios and test cases is important for creating effective test plans and ensuring that all aspects of the software are thoroughly tested.

Test Execution

Test execution is a crucial step in the software testing process. It involves running test cases to verify the functionality of the software application.

Test Execution Phases

The test execution phase comprises the following steps:

  1. Test planning: This involves defining the scope of testing, identifying the test cases, and creating a test plan.
  2. Test preparation: This involves setting up the test environment, creating test data, and preparing the test cases.
  3. Test execution: This involves running the test cases and recording the results.
  4. Test reporting: This involves analyzing the test results, reporting the defects, and updating the test plan.
Test execution phases

Test Environment

The test environment is the setup in which the software application is tested. It includes hardware, software, and network configurations. The test environment should be similar to the production environment to ensure that the test results are accurate.

Executing Test Cases

Executing test cases involves running the test cases and verifying the results. Test cases should be executed in a structured manner to ensure that all the test scenarios are covered. The following steps should be followed when executing test cases:

  1. Test case selection: The test cases should be selected based on the priority and severity of the defects.
  2. Test case execution: The test cases should be executed in a structured manner, and the results should be recorded.
  3. Test case reporting: The test results should be analyzed, and the defects should be reported.

Exhaustive testing is not always possible, and it is not recommended. The testing team should focus on testing the critical functionalities of the software application.

In conclusion, the test execution phase is a critical step in the software testing process. It involves running test cases to verify the functionality of the software application. The test environment should be similar to the production environment to ensure that the test results are accurate. Test cases should be executed in a structured manner to ensure that all the test scenarios are covered.

Case Study of Bugs Missed in Client-Created Test Plans

Recent case study. We work with a new client–an agency that recently hired us– for their software testing needs. We were chosen because the agency previously used a crowd-sourcing testing company, and the client was told they no longer complete test plan work. We found a significant number of bugs, with 80% categorized as a high or urgent priority by the client. These bugs were found while using Exploratory testing techniques to look for issues outside of the test plan provided to us.

Iterators LLC's recommendation to all our clients is to complete a 45-minute initial conference so the client can provide details about the app, such as how the app is "supposed to work". Are there any animations? If so, what is the expected behavior, and do all the animation components act similarly? Below is a list of bugs we found, and none would have been found if we only followed the test plan provided to us.

  • The error description when trying to add more than three debit cards is not clear.
  • Payment is allowed even when a zero balance is noted.
  • Activate the card and Set the Pin.
  • Request new card.
  • Cannot remove the debit card.
  • Paying the full balance does not charge the full amount.
Sample test case errors

Role of Test Engineers

Test engineers play a crucial role in ensuring the quality of software products. They are responsible for designing and executing test scenarios and test cases to identify defects and ensure that the software meets the required specifications. Test engineers work closely with the testing team to ensure that the testing process is efficient and effective.

A test engineer's primary responsibility is to write test cases that cover all possible scenarios and ensure that the software performs as expected. They must have a deep understanding of the software requirements and design test cases that validate the software's functionality, reliability, and performance. Test engineers must also be proficient in using automated testing tools to speed up the testing process and reduce errors.

In addition to designing and executing test cases, test engineers must also analyze test results and report any defects to the development team. They must work closely with the development team to ensure that defects are fixed and the software meets the required quality standards. Test engineers must also be able to communicate effectively with the testing team and other stakeholders to ensure that everyone is aware of the testing progress and any issues that arise.

Overall, test engineers play a critical role in ensuring that software products are of high quality and meet the required specifications. They must have a deep understanding of the software requirements, be proficient in designing and executing test cases, and be able to communicate effectively with the testing team and other stakeholders.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, the synergy between test scenarios and test cases is pivotal in software testing. These entities provide a common language for developers, testers, and stakeholders, bolstering collaboration and clarity. Their differentiation is the bedrock of a systematic testing strategy, with test scenarios providing the overarching context and test cases drilling down into the minutiae of software functionality. This understanding empowers testers and stakeholders alike to craft effective test plans, fostering high-quality software that meets the desired standards and end-user expectations.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do test scenarios and test cases contribute to the overall software testing process?

Test scenarios and test cases are an integral part of the software testing process. Test scenarios help in identifying and defining the various test conditions that need to be tested, while test cases provide detailed instructions on how to execute the tests. Together, they ensure that the software meets the desired quality standards and performs as expected.

When designing a test plan, how do you determine the appropriate level of granularity for test scenarios and test cases?

The appropriate level of granularity for test scenarios and test cases is determined by the complexity of the software being tested and the level of detail required to adequately test it. Test scenarios should be broad enough to cover all major functionalities of the software, while test cases should be detailed enough to test each individual functionality. It is important to strike a balance between the two to ensure that the testing process is efficient and effective.

What strategies can be employed to maintain consistency and clarity between test scenarios and their corresponding test cases across the testing team?

To maintain consistency and clarity between test scenarios and their corresponding test cases across the testing team, it is important to establish clear guidelines and standards for test case development. This can include using a standardized template for test cases, providing clear instructions on how to write test cases, and conducting regular reviews of test cases to ensure that they meet the established standards.

How do test scenarios and test cases contribute to collaboration between developers, testers, and other stakeholders during the testing phase?

Test scenarios and test cases provide a common language for developers, testers, and other stakeholders to communicate and collaborate during the testing phase. They help ensure that everyone involved in the testing process is on the same page and understands the goals of the testing process. This can lead to more effective testing, faster bug resolution, and ultimately, higher-quality software.

Relevant Resources:

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https://iteratorstesting.com/blog/best-test-management-tools 10 Top-Rated Test Management Tools for Streamlining Quality Assurance 2023-07-30T11:34:00+00:00 2024-01-16T12:29:20+00:00 David Willcox https://iteratorstesting.com/

Test management tools are software solutions that enable teams to manage and automate the evaluation, execution, and analysis of tests. These tools provide a centralized platform for tracking progress, managing tests, and ensuring quality throughout the product development lifecycle. With these tools in place, teams can easily track progress against quality goals and improve overall software quality assurance.

Quality test management tools, often referred to as testcase management tools or complete test management tools, can help to reduce manual effort by automating routine tasks such as setting up test environments, running tests, tracking defects/bugs, analyzing results, and providing reports. Additionally, these solutions can improve visibility into the testing process so that teams can quickly identify areas of improvement or inspection points. Additionally, qa testmanagement tools provide an auditable record of all activities over time to ensure consistent standards across the entire project lifecycle.

In the context of this article, we aim to provide valuable insights into the test management software landscape by offering an overview of the 10 best test management tools currently available on the market, as well as key features that each solution brings to the table.

10 Best Test Management Tools

In evaluating each test management solution, we considered factors such as ease of use, scalability, cost, and feature set. We also looked at how each tool integrates with other systems in order to provide teams with a comprehensive testing solution. After careful consideration, we have identified the following 10 test management tools as the best in class.

#1 PractiTest
#2 TestRail
#3 Zephyr Enterprise
#4 Tuskr
#5 Xray
#6 Testpad
#7 Jira
#8 Testmo
#9 Testiny
#10 SpiraTest

#1 PractiTest

Practi Test logo

Integrations: Jira, ClickUp, Azure DevOps, Bugzilla, Pivotal Tracker, YouTrack, Redmine, and more

Price: paid plans started from $37/month. A 14-day free trial is available.

PractiTest is a test management solution that provides teams with the tools necessary for managing and automating tests. It helps teams to better organize and manage their test process from planning, and execution to reporting. It also allows users to collaborate more effectively with its centralized bug-tracking system.

Features of PractiTest:

  • Automated test execution and reporting
  • Comprehensive bug tracking system
  • Centralized issue management
  • Traceability matrix for better organization and visibility
  • Comprehensive coverage of different platforms including web, mobile, and desktop testing
  • Cross-platform support for Windows, macOS, Linux, iOS, and Android
  • Comprehensive test coverage analysis with real-time reports
  • Easy customization with drag-and-drop features for test suites
  • Comprehensive API support for seamless integration with other platforms
  • Automated notifications and alerts for project updates.

PractiTest is a comprehensive solution for test management. It offers teams an easy-to-use tool that helps them manage and automate their tests with its range of features.

#2 TestRail

Testrail logo

Integrations: Jira, Jenkins, Functionalize, Global App Testing, Redmine, Randorex Studio, Azure DevOps and more.

Price: paid plans started from $37/month/1 user. A 14-day free trial is available.

TestRail is a powerful test management tool that helps teams streamline software testing. It allows users to create, organize, and track their test cases, manage test runs, and generate meaningful reports to keep stakeholders informed.

TestRail is a highly favored tool among the team at Iterators. We rely on it daily to serve clients such as Boston College, the Library of Congress, Anew Climate, and many more. Its performance has consistently met our expectations, leaving us thoroughly satisfied with its capabilities.

Features of TestRail:

  • Comprehensive test case management with customizable statuses, priorities, and types
  • Easy to configure test plans for tracking progress or milestones
  • Automated test execution with customizable reports and status updates
  • Track issues in real time for instant debugging and correction
  • Easy integration with bug tracking, version control, and CI systems
  • Ability to assign tests to team members for execution and review
  • TestRail Cloud and server-based installations for maximum flexibility
  • Secure data storage in the cloud or on-premises
  • Customizable dashboards for gaining an overview of testing progress
  • Automated email notifications to keep stakeholders informed
  • Support for international character sets and languages.

TestRail is the perfect tool for any software team that needs to manage their test cases and track progress in an organized and efficient way. It provides a comprehensive suite of features to enable teams to quickly and accurately test their applications. We can comfortably recommend incorporating TestRail into your workflow as we have been extremely happy with its performance and functionality.

#3 Zephyr Enterprise

Zephyr enterprise logo

Integrations: TestComplete, ReadyAPI, Atlassian JIRA, Jenkins, and Selenium

Price: paid plans. A 14-day free trial is available.

Zephyr Enterprise is a software system that provides a complete solution for managing IT projects and resources. It offers complete visibility, control, and governance over IT investments. With this platform, businesses can better manage their IT investments and achieve higher productivity and enhanced agility in their operations.

Features of Zephyr Enterprise:

  • Real-time collaborative team management
  • Task tracking and reporting capabilities
  • Integrated project planning and tracking tools
  • Robust analytics and reporting capabilities
  • Intuitive UI for users of all skill levels
  • Shareable reports and project records for easy monitoring of progress
  • Secure data storage and multiple authentication options
  • Cloud-based scalability for large teams and projects
  • 24/7 customer support for any technical issues
  • Mobile app for convenient on-the-go access
  • Customizable templates to streamline project setup
  • Comprehensive API for customizing and extending the platform
  • Advanced task management and assignment capabilities to keep teams on track
  • Detailed activity logs to stay up-to-date on team progress
  • Automation features for streamlining processes and saving time.

Zephyr Enterprise is a powerful platform providing businesses with comprehensive tools for managing their IT investments. This allows for better management and oversight of resources and increased flexibility to improve business performance.

#4 Tuskr

Tuskr logo

Integrations: Jira, GitHub, GitLab, Google Chat, Trello, Toggl, and more than 400 applications.

Price: free and paid plans start from $9/month. A 30-day free trial is available.

Tuskr is an innovative project and task management platform designed to help teams collaborate more efficiently. It offers a variety of organizational tools such as task tracking, project management, and team communication tools.

Features of Tuskr:

  • Powerful search features with advanced filters and sorting options to quickly locate tasks
  • Ability to create templates for repeatable tasks, including time tracking and budgeting options for better project management
  • Automation features to streamline workflows and reduce manual testing efforts
  • Collaborative workspaces to assign and manage tasks effectively with other team members
  • Automated notifications for task updates, enabling you to stay on top of project progress
  • Comprehensive reporting tools to monitor task performance and activity
  • Mobile-friendly interface with optimized user experience for on-the-go task management
  • Security features to ensure data privacy and secure access control.

Tuskr is a powerful and versatile task management solution that provides all the features you need to stay organized, efficient, and productive. It's easy to use, secure, and highly customizable so you can tailor it to suit the needs of your team.

#5 Xray

Xray logo

Integrations: Functionize, Test Modeller, Katalon, Jira Snapshots, AnovaApps Power Suite, Jenkins, Apwide, and more.

Price: paid plans. A 30-day free trial is available.

Xray is an advanced test management tool designed to help software teams increase their QA effectiveness and streamline the testing process. Xray provides users with comprehensive test management features such as issue tracking, requirements coverage, advanced reporting, and analytics capabilities.

Features of Xray:

  • Issue tracking and real-time reporting
  • Advanced test execution and coverage analysis
  • Requirements traceability
  • Automated test planning and execution
  • Integrated defect management
  • Comprehensive analytics and reporting capabilities
  • Cloud-based, secure architecture for remote teams
  • Scalable and easy-to-use testing environment
  • Comprehensive support and training resources are available
  • Customizable test cases for effective test management
  • Automated test reports for improved visibility and reporting
  • Comprehensive user access and authorization control
  • Supports popular platforms such as Windows, Mac, Linux, iOS, and Android.

Xray is a testing tool that offers teams useful features and capabilities for efficient test management. The software provides various features such as issue tracking, test execution, coverage analysis, and defect management to ensure that the software development process is of high quality.

#6 Testpad

Testpad logo

Integrations: Jira, GitHub, PivotalTracker

Price: paid plans start from $49/month. A 30-day free trial is available.

Testpad is a tool for test management that is designed to be quick and easy to use. With Testpad, teams can create, run, and track tests with ease and efficiency. It supports multiple types of tests, from manual to automated, and helps organizations to effectively manage their testing process.

Features of Testpad:

  • Create and run tests quickly with an intuitive drag-and-drop interface
  • Ability to save test cases for easy reuse
  • Monitor progress and status of tests in real-time
  • Support for manual and automated tests
  • Ability to collaborate with teams in real time by sharing test cases
  • Automatically generate test reports for further analysis.
  • Automatically generate reports to track test coverage and progress
  • Supports multiple environments and devices for testing
  • Generates detailed metrics about tests
  • Easy to customize to meet your testing needs
  • Comprehensive support for test management across multiple teams and projects
  • Ability to assign tasks, review them, and provide feedback.

Testpad is a software tool that helps organizations with test management. It enables them to create, execute, and monitor tests in a way that is productive and powerful. The tool can handle various types of tests, allows for teamwork and reporting, and offers flexibility for users to tailor it to their specific testing requirements.

#7 Jira

Jira Software logo

Integrations: Testpad, Zephyr Enterprise, TestRail, Moro, Figma, Jenkins, Bamboo, Azure DevOps, PractiTest and more.

Price: free and paid plans start from $7.75/month/user. A 14-day free trial is available.

Jira Software is a highly popular test management tool used by development teams to manage software testing. It provides a powerful platform to coordinate and track all aspects of the testing process, from setting up test cases to bug tracking and reporting.

Features of Jira:

  • Create and organize test cases
  • Track the progress of tests and bugs
  • Share results with other stakeholders
  • Flexible for customizing to support different testing methodologies
  • Centralized dashboard for real-time tracking
  • Custom reporting and analysis capabilities
  • Supports multiple users and roles
  • Attach files, screenshots, and comments to each issue
  • Powerful API for integration with other software
  • Highly secure and compliant with data security standards
  • Comprehensive customer support.

Overall, Jira is an effective and comprehensive test management tool for software development teams. It offers a wide range of features for creating, organizing, tracking, and reporting tests. With its powerful platform and customizable options, Jira makes it easy for teams to stay organized and manage their testing process efficiently.

#8 Testmo

Testmo logo

Integrations: Jira, GitHub, GitLab, Trello, Jenkins, Selenium, Cucumber, Appium, and more.

Price: paid plans start from $99/month. A 21-day free trial is available.

Testmo is a comprehensive test management tool that allows teams to manage and execute their software tests efficiently. Testmo ensures that teams are able to accurately monitor and control their software testing processes with minimal effort.

Features of Testmo:

  • Integrated bug tracking
  • Automated test suite creation
  • Maintenance of test scripts
  • Real-time visualization of test progress
  • Supported programming languages: JavaScript (Node.js), Golang, Python, Java, C++
  • Intuitive user interface
  • The quick and efficient test management process
  • Produce high-quality results
  • Ease of collaboration between test and developer teams
  • Ability to test web, mobile, and API solutions
  • Flexible reports generation
  • Powerful analytics tools for tracking test progress and results.

Overall, Testmo provides an effective solution for teams that need to quickly and efficiently manage their test scenarios and produce high-quality results. With its wide range of features and intuitive user interface, Testmo is a great choice for teams seeking effective test management.

#9 Testiny

Testity logo

Integrations: Jira, Playwright, Selenium, GitHub, Jenkins, and more

Price: free and paid plans start from $15/month. A 14-day free trial is available.

Testiny is an effective solution for managing tests. It simplifies the task of managing and running tests, enabling users to collaborate with team members across multiple projects easily. Testiny also provides a platform for sharing test cases, recording detailed bug reports, tracking test coverage, and monitoring progress throughout the lifecycle of any project.

Features of Testiny:

  • Easy setup and onboarding
  • Test case management
  • Ability to share test cases with team members
  • Integration with popular CI/CD tools
  • Detailed bug reporting
  • Robust test coverage tracking
  • Dashboard for monitoring the progress of projects throughout the lifecycle
  • Collaboration features for remote teams
  • Automated testing solutions
  • Advanced reporting metrics and analytics
  • Remote execution of tests on real devices or emulators
  • Execution of parallel tests on multiple devices at once.

Testiny provides a comprehensive platform for managing and executing tests, enabling teams to streamline their development process while also providing collaboration tools for remote teams. With its powerful features and integrations, Testiny is the ideal tool for any project.

#10 SpiraTest

Spiratest logo

Integrations: Azure DevOps, Micro Focus, Jira, GitHu, GitLab, TestRail, PractiTest, TestLink, Microsoft Office Documents, and more

Price: paid plans, starting from $31,59/month/user. A 30-day free trial is available

SpiraTest is a comprehensive test management tool used by software development teams to efficiently plan, track, and manage the testing of their applications. With its intuitive user interface and robust administration capabilities, SpiraTest helps teams automate manual processes, improve collaboration between stakeholders, and ensure that the right tests are executed at the right time.

Features of SpiraTest:

  • Easy test case creation and editing
  • Integration with popular bug-tracking systems
  • Automated test suites for repeatable testing processes
  • Robust reporting and analytics capabilities
  • Real-time monitoring of test progress status
  • Ability to customize workflows to fit team needs
  • Project and iteration planning tools
  • Test execution on multiple devices through a single interface
  • Flexible reporting and test data export options
  • Access to a library of predefined tests.

Overall, SpiraTest provides an effective solution for teams looking to manage their software testing process more efficiently. With its robust features and integrations, SpiraTest makes it easy for teams to plan, track, and coordinate the testing of their applications in one place.

Final Thoughts

To sum up, test management tools are important in making quality assurance and software testing processes more efficient. They allow tests to be managed and automated in one place, progress to be tracked, and test results to be analyzed. By decreasing manual work, enhancing visibility, and promoting collaboration, the integration of test automation and management services empowers teams to attain their quality objectives while elevating the overall standard of software quality assurance.

By incorporating what is a test management tool into the workflow, teams benefit from decreased manual work, enhanced visibility, and improved collaboration. The integration of test documentation tools within the test management framework further contributes to the efficiency of the overall process.

The selection of test management services depends on individual project needs, team choices, and integration requirements. Our list of test management solutions provides various functions that can help your team manage tests, monitor progress, ensure high-quality software production, and stay organized and efficient.

Relevant Resources:

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https://iteratorstesting.com/blog/how-to-write-test-plan Creating the Perfect Testing Plan: A Step-by-Step Guide And Example 2023-06-23T12:58:00+00:00 2023-10-16T12:03:54+00:00 David Willcox https://iteratorstesting.com/

Creating a testing plan can be essential for any software development project, as it provides an organized framework and structure that helps ensure success. Developing an effective test plan is a critical skill, and having one in place will help guide you through every step of the process, from gathering the necessary information and data to deciding on tools and personnel requirements.

=>Do you know the difference between a test plan and a test strategy? Find out more in this article.

This guide will provide a step-by-step breakdown of what you need to know when creating the perfect testing plan. We'll cover everything from deciding on a format and structure, gathering all the relevant data and information, breaking down each section of the test plan, and providing tips to ensure that your test plan is effective. By the end of this guide, you'll have all the information and tools necessary to create the perfect testing plan. So let's get started!

In This Article
Creating the Perfect Testing Plan: A Step-by-Step Guide And Example
Creating the Basic Template for Your Test Plan
Section-by-Section Breakdown of How to Write a Test Plan
#1 Introduction and Overview
#2 Goals and Objectives
#3 Scope and Limitations
#4 Test Environment Requirements
#5 Testing Methodology
#6 Scheduling and Milestones
#7 Resources and Personnel Requirements
#8 Risk Assessment and Mitigation Plan
#9 Documentation and Record-Keeping
#10 Reporting and Approval Processes
Final Tips for Writing the Perfect Test Plan
Conclusion

Creating the Basic Template for Your Test Plan

Creating the basic template for your test plan is an important first step. It will give you a framework to work with and provide guidance throughout the rest of the process. When creating this template, there are several things to consider.

  • First, decide on a format and structure for your test plan. There are a variety of testing plan templates available online, so you can easily find one that suits your project's requirements. Just make sure to include all the necessary sections and information.
  • Next, gather any relevant data and tools you’ll need for your test plan. This includes things such as a list of stakeholders and their roles, a risk assessment checklist, quality assurance procedures, and any other relevant tools.
  • Finally, create your testing plan template. Make sure to include enough detail so that all stakeholders understand the purpose of the test plan and how it will be carried out. Include a step-by-step breakdown of what needs to be done, timelines and milestones, resource requirements, and any other necessary information. This will help ensure that everyone involved in the process is on the same page and understands how the testing plan should be executed.

Once you’ve created your template, it’s time to move on to the next step: breaking down each section of the test plan.

Section-by-Section Breakdown of How to Write a Test Plan

Test plan template

Now that you’ve created the basic template for your test plan, it’s time to dive into the details and break down each section of the plan. Writing a thorough and comprehensive test plan can seem like an overwhelming task, but by following these guidelines, you will be well on your way to creating the perfect test plan.

#1 Introduction and Overview

The first section of the test plan should be an introduction and overview. This is where you’ll provide a general overview of the project, including key stakeholders, timelines, milestones, and goals. You can also include any special considerations or challenges that may affect the project.

Example

This project aims to create a new software product for ABC Corporation. The timeline for this project is six months, with key milestones and deadlines at the one-month, three-month, and six-month mark. We have 10 stakeholders involved in this project from various departments within the company.

#2 Goals and Objectives

The second section should outline your goals and objectives. This will include any specific goals that need to be achieved, as well as any objectives that must be met in order for the project to be successful.

Example

The goal of this project is to create a software product that meets the customer’s needs and exceeds their expectations. The objectives for this project are to complete development within the six-month timeline, ensure that all stakeholders are adequately informed throughout the process, and create a product with an intuitive user interface.

#3 Scope and Limitations

The third section should focus on the scope and limitations of the test plan. Here, you’ll explain what is within the scope of the plan and anything that falls outside of it.

Example

This test plan covers the development of a software product for ABC Corporation from conception to launch. It does not include any post-launch maintenance or testing, as these tasks will be handled in separate plans. Additionally, this plan is limited to functional testing only; security and performance testing will be covered in separate plans.

#4 Test Environment Requirements

The fourth section should cover the test environment requirements, including any hardware or software that needs to be set up for testing.

Example

This software product will require the following hardware and software for testing purposes: ABC Corporation’s development servers, a web browser, and an operating system that supports the software. Additionally, all personnel involved in testing should have access to the relevant documentation and resources needed to complete their tasks.

Test plan

#5 Testing Methodology

The fifth section should provide details on the testing methodology you plan to use, including any specific techniques and tools that will be used during testing.

Example

For this software product, we will use a combination of black-box and white-box testing techniques. We will also be using automated testing tools, such as Selenium and JUnit, to ensure that our tests are accurate and efficient.

#6 Scheduling and Milestones

The sixth section should include scheduling and milestones, along with any deliverables and deadlines associated with the project.

Example

The development process for this software product will span six months, with milestones at the one-month, three-month, and six-month mark. The first milestone is to complete initial development by the end of Month 1; the second milestone is to complete functional testing by the end of Month 3; the third milestone is to complete user acceptance testing by the end of Month 6. Additionally, we will be delivering a final product to ABC Corporation at the end of Month 6.

#7 Resources and Personnel Requirements

The seventh section should list all the resources and personnel requirements needed to carry out the test plan.

Example

For this project, we will need two software developers, one tester, and a project manager. We will also need access to ABC Corporation’s development servers and the necessary software tools. Additionally, we will need to allocate a budget for any additional resources that may be required during development.

#8 Risk Assessment and Mitigation Plan

The eighth section should include a risk assessment and mitigation plan, which will provide details on how to address any potential risks or issues that may arise during testing.

Example

We will identify any potential risks or issues that may arise during the development process, such as delays in development or bugs in the software. We will then create an action plan to address these risks and ensure that they do not impede the progress of the project. Additionally, we will conduct regular reviews to monitor progress and identify any new risks.

#9 Documentation and Record-Keeping

The ninth section should cover documentation and record keeping, including what documents will need to be created and how they should be stored.

Example

We will document all test results, including bugs found and any fixes implemented. We will also keep a record of all meetings and discussions related to the project, as well as any changes in scope or requirements. All documents should be stored securely in an organized fashion so that they can be easily accessed in the future.

#10 Reporting and Approval Processes

We will provide weekly progress reports to stakeholders detailing the status of the project. Additionally, we will need to obtain approval from ABC Corporation prior to launching any new features or making significant changes to the software product. All approvals should be documented and stored in accordance with our record-keeping policy.

By following this test plan template, you can ensure that all of the critical components of a test plan are included in your document. If any additional information is needed, make sure to update the plan accordingly. This will help set expectations for all stakeholders involved in the project and ensure that everyone is on the same page throughout development. With a well-written test plan, you can be sure that the project will be a success.

Final Tips for Writing the Perfect Test Plan

Test planning

Check your test plan using these final tips to determine if you have created an accurate, comprehensive, and easy-to-follow document.

1. Make sure all stakeholders agree on the scope of the plan before beginning development. This will ensure that everyone involved is aware of what needs to be accomplished and their individual roles and responsibilities.

2. Include a timeline with deliverables and deadlines to ensure that all tasks are completed on time. This will help keep the project on track and avoid any delays.

3. Document all test results, including bugs found and fixes implemented, along with their associated timelines. This will provide valuable insight into the progress of the project and help identify any potential problems.

4. Follow a consistent format when writing the plan. This will make it easier to read and understand, while also helping to ensure that all important information is included.

5. Create an action plan for addressing potential risks or issues that may arise during development. This will help reduce any potential delays or costly mistakes.

These tips will help you create a thorough test plan for your software project, which will increase its chances of success.

Conclusion

Creating a test plan is an essential part of any software development project. By following this test plan template, you can ensure that all of the critical components are included in your document and that all stakeholders have a clear understanding of what needs to be accomplished. With a well-written test plan, you can be sure that the project will run smoothly and be a success. So, take the time to properly create your test plan and you’ll be on your way to an effective software development project.

Relevant Resources:

Case Study: Example of SQA Testing

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https://iteratorstesting.com/blog/software-quality-assurance Understanding Quality Assurance for Software Testing 2023-05-29T08:14:00+00:00 2023-12-21T09:24:00+00:00 David Willcox https://iteratorstesting.com/

Quality assurance is an essential part of any software development process. Quality involves several measures taken to ensure the product being developed meets customer expectations in terms of accuracy, reliability, and performance. Quality assurance (QA) is the practice of verifying and validating that software meets certain standards before it is released. QA helps to ensure that the software meets the requirements, expectations, and needs of its users or customers.

As user expectations continue to increase, software development teams must ensure the quality of the products they release. Quality assurance is an important part of this process, as it provides a systematic way to identify any defects or issues before they become major problems.

This article will cover the general significance of quality assurance. Next, we will discuss quality assurance in software testing. We will describe the steps involved in the process and offer advice for implementing a successful quality assurance program. By following these guidelines, companies can guarantee that their software is of the highest possible quality and can be safely released to end users.

In This Article
Understanding Quality Assurance for Software Testing
Overview of Quality Assurance
QA Role and Benefits
QA vs QC vs Testing
Quality Assurance in Software Testing
What is Software Quality Assurance?
Leveraging SQA to Improve Software Development Methodologies
SQA tools
QA process through Software Testing Life Cycle Model
Quality Assurance Best Practices for Software Testing
Conclusion

Overview of Quality Assurance

Quality Assurance (QA) is a crucial process used to ensure that all the components of a product or service meet the high standards set by the company, especially when considering the dynamic landscape of the information technology quality assurance company. It involves quality control (QC), a vital aspect that ensures products and services adhere to predetermined criteria, as well as the continuous development of strategies for improvement if necessary. A valuable resource for staying informed about QA practices and developments is a quality assurance blog, which often covers diverse software quality assurance topics.

QA, covering all aspects of development from concept to delivery, is designed to provide customers with products or services of the highest caliber. It ensures that production processes are efficient and effective while meeting customer requirements and expectations. QA also plays a pivotal role in security testing, identifying potential risks associated with a product or service before it enters the market, and ensuring that any security issues are addressed before they become costly problems.

Ultimately, Quality Assurance is a comprehensive and proactive approach to product development in the information technology sector, where the right software quality assurance tools can significantly enhance the process.

QA Role and Benefits

The role of Quality Assurance is paramount in ensuring that a product or service from an information technology quality assurance company meets the predetermined quality standards set by the company. QA delivers benefits throughout the entire product lifecycle, from concept to delivery, making software testing services an integral part of the process.

During development, QA can identify potential risks in design and functionality before they become expensive problems further down the line, showcasing the proactive nature of user acceptance testing. Once a product is released, QA ensures that all components meet the agreed-upon quality standards and verifies its performance on an ongoing basis, utilizing effective testing services.

QA also helps ensure customer satisfaction by guiding how best to use the product or service to get the most out of it. This customer-centric approach aligns with the principles of a quality assurance blog, emphasizing the importance of user satisfaction and the latest software quality assurance topics. Ultimately, Quality Assurance offers significant product or service quality and customer satisfaction benefits. Additionally, QA can help reduce costs associated with returns, rework, and repairs by identifying and addressing potential issues early on in the process.

By taking a proactive approach to Quality Assurance, companies, especially those in the information technology sector, can remain competitive in their respective markets and maintain customer loyalty.

QA vs QC vs Testing

Qa vs qc vs testing

The processes of Quality Assurance (QA), Quality Control (QC), and Testing are related but distinct from each other. They are often mistakenly used interchangeably, although they each have different meanings and are used during different stages of product or service development.

QA is a systematic process of verifying and enforcing the standards of an organization’s products or services. The purpose of QA is to ensure that products are designed, developed, and delivered according to the organization’s standards. This process includes establishing procedures, methods, and tools for measuring quality, as well as evaluating product performance against those measures.

QC is a process of monitoring and verifying product quality at every stage of production. QC focuses on identifying defects and flaws in the product before it reaches the customer. This includes inspecting, testing, and taking corrective action if needed.

Testing is the process of evaluating a product to ensure that it meets certain criteria. Testing involves executing a program or application with specific input data, assessing whether the output is as expected, and validating any other associated requirements. It is an important part of the development process, as it helps to identify flaws in the product and ensure that it meets customer requirements.

QA focuses on providing guidance to development teams in order to ensure that all components meet the predetermined quality standards set by the company, while QC ensures that these standards are being met. Testing, on the other hand, ensures that a product or service performs as intended when put into use.

Overall, Quality Assurance, Quality Control, and Testing are three distinct processes that work together to ensure the highest quality product or service possible. By taking a comprehensive approach to development and ensuring that all components meet predetermined standards, companies can remain competitive and maintain customer loyalty.

Quality Assurance in Software Testing

In the previous section, we covered quality assurance in general terms. Let's now shift our focus to quality assurance in the context of software testing.

What is Software Quality Assurance?

Software testing is an essential part of the software development life cycle as it ensures that all components meet predetermined quality standards and have no bugs or errors. Quality assurance in software testing, commonly referred to as SQA (software quality assurance), is an ongoing process used to ensure the quality of software products through rigorous testing and evaluation.

It involves creating a comprehensive set of processes and tools for verifying the quality of software products and services. This includes defining KPIs and metrics, developing a clear test plan, leveraging automation capabilities, ensuring cross-platform compatibility of applications, using inspections and reviews, monitoring test results and outcomes, and engaging in continuous improvement.

SQA also helps ensure that software development methodologies are followed, such as the Software Testing Life Cycle (STLC) Model, for efficient and effective product release. With the help of SQA, organizations can confidently deliver high-quality products to their customers on time and within budget.

=>Learn more about how software quality assurance is applied in real-world scenarios - read about Iterators' case study.

Leveraging SQA to Improve Software Development Methodologies

Software development methodologies are frameworks used by software developers throughout the software development life cycle (SDLC). They provide structure and guidance to the development team and allow them to efficiently create high-quality software.

Software Quality Assurance is a key component that can help improve the efficacy of software development methodology. SQA ensures that software products meet predetermined quality standards and have no bugs or errors. It involves creating a comprehensive set of processes and tools for verifying the quality of software products and services, such as defining KPIs and metrics, developing a clear test plan, leveraging automation capabilities, ensuring cross-platform compatibility of applications, making use of inspections and reviews, monitoring test results and outcomes, and engaging in continuous improvement.

Software development methodologies can be divided into two main categories – Waterfall and Agile. The Waterfall methodology follows a linear process, where each phase is completed before progressing to the next one. This approach focuses on producing an end result that meets all of the requirements at once.

The Agile methodology takes a different approach, focusing on a process of continuous improvement. This approach is suitable for projects that require frequent change or adaptation, as it allows teams to quickly adjust and react to new challenges. Agile methodologies can be further broken down into Scrum, Iterative, Spiral, and Rapid Development approaches. Each of these has its own advantages and disadvantages in terms of application and success rates.

Waterfall vs agile

Scrum is an iterative and incremental agile software development methodology. It follows an empirical process control that allows teams to respond quickly to change and deliver products in a timely fashion. Iterative development involves repeating the same steps over and over, gradually refining each step until the desired outcome is achieved. Spiral development combines elements of both waterfall and iterative approaches, allowing for a gradual refinement of the product with each iteration. The Rapid Development approach focuses on quickly producing software that is of acceptable quality by utilizing rapid prototyping and iterative development techniques.

Regardless of which particular software development methodology is implemented, its success is largely contingent upon the SQA process that accompanies it. Through thorough testing, inspection, and review processes, SQA can help ensure that any software product meets its intended quality standards. Moreover, by incorporating continuous improvement in these SQA practices, software organizations are better equipped to identify and address issues prior to release.

SQA tools

In addition to software development methodologies, SQA also utilizes a variety of tools to ensure quality assurance throughout the software engineering process. These tools range from code integrity to bug tracking and test management systems.

Code integrity tools help identify errors and potential security vulnerabilities in the source code, while bug tracking and test management systems help track and manage any reported bugs or issues that need to be addressed during development. Using these types of tools helps teams quickly identify problems and find solutions, thereby leading to higher quality and more reliable end products.

Examples of code integrity tools include static analysis tools such as SonarQube and Coverity, dynamic analysis tools such as ParasoftC++ Test, and compiler-based tools such as Microsoft Visual Studio. Examples of bug-tracking systems are JIRA and Bugzilla, while popular test management tools include TestRail and HP Quality Center.

In addition to using these tools, software teams also need to use both manual and automated testing methods. Manual testing involves the actual execution of tests by a tester or team of testers while automated testing involves running tests through tools such as Selenium or Cucumber.

Automated tests are more efficient in terms of resources and time but require deeper knowledge and expertise from the software tester. Manual tests can be used to supplement automated testing, ensuring that no critical elements remain untested.

=>Related resources: Manual Testing Tools, Mobile Application Testing Tools.

Overall, software quality assurance is a critical element of successful software engineering processes. By leveraging development methodologies, SQA tools, and testing techniques, software teams are better equipped to ensure the highest levels of reliability.

QA process through Software Testing Life Cycle Model

The QA process can also be managed using the Software Testing Life Cycle (STLC) Model. The STLC is a framework that helps guide teams through the entire software testing process from start to finish. It includes the various steps that are necessary for successful software testing.

Stls phases

=>Learn more about STLC phases in this article.

By following this framework, teams can ensure that their software is tested thoroughly and that any problems or bugs can be quickly identified and addressed before the software is released to the public.

Quality Assurance Best Practices for Software Testing

Quality Assurance best practices for software testing are important to ensure that any software created meets its intended quality standards. These best practices include:

1. Defining KPIs and metrics for Quality Assurance – the key performance indicators (KPIs) and metrics used to measure the success of a software project should be established from the onset and monitored throughout the project. This helps to track progress and ensure that quality standards are being met.

2. Developing a clear and comprehensive test plan – a well-defined test plan provides guidance on what needs to be tested, how it should be tested, when it should be tested, as well as who is responsible for carrying out the tests.

3. Leveraging test automation capabilities to save time and resources – automated testing tools can be used to reduce the amount of manual effort involved in software testing, thereby saving time and resources.

4. Ensuring cross-platform compatibility of applications – it’s important to test applications on different platforms and devices so that they are compatible with multiple systems.

5. Making use of inspections and reviews – software inspections and reviews can help identify potential defects in the code before it is released to the public.

6. Monitoring test results and outcomes – regularly tracking test results and outcomes help teams ensure that their product meets quality standards before releasing it.

7. Engaging in continuous improvement of testing processes – as technology advances and new requirements emerge, teams should continually strive to improve their testing processes to ensure they are up-to-date with software testing industry standards.

By following these best practices, teams can help ensure the quality of the software they develop and release is of a high standard. Quality assurance is an important part of software development and can help ensure the success of any project.

Conclusion

Software quality assurance (SQA) is a critical element of successful software engineering projects. SQA involves the use of development methodologies, SQA tools, and testing techniques to ensure the highest levels of reliability in a product before it is released to the public. QA teams can use the Software Testing Life Cycle Model (STLC) as a framework to manage the QA process. Additionally, there are several best practices that they must follow. Ensuring quality through proper assurance is crucial in software development and can greatly contribute to the success of a project.

Related Resources:

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https://iteratorstesting.com/blog/software-testing-life-cycle What is Software Testing Life Cycle (STLC) 2023-05-09T08:13:00+00:00 2024-01-11T12:42:14+00:00 David Willcox https://iteratorstesting.com/

Software Testing Life Cycle (STLC) is a process that defines the stages of development and testing for software systems. It provides structure to ensure that all aspects of the system are tested and validated in an organized manner. By following the STLC, both developers and testers can work together to create quality products that meet customer expectations.

This article will give a short overview of STLC, explain each stage, and talk about the benefits and limitations of the process. By understanding STLC better, software teams can develop higher-quality products more efficiently.

In This Article
What is Software Testing Life Cycle (STLC)
The Impact of STLC on Software Development Processes
The STLC Phases
#1 Requirement Analysis Phase
#2 Test Planning Phase
#3 Test Case Development Phase
#4 Test Environment Setup Phase
#5 Test Execution Phase
#6 Test Cycle Closure Phase
Benefits of STLC
Limitations of STLC
Final Thoughts on STLC
Why Should I Consider Hiring Independent Testers for Effective Quality Assurance?

The Impact of STLC on Software Development Processes

The Software Testing Life Cycle plays a critical role in the development of software systems. It outlines the stages of testing and validation that must be completed before a product is released to customers. This process enables collaboration between developers and testers to ensure comprehensive testing of all system components. Additionally, it helps teams create more reliable software products that meet customer expectations.

STLC also provides structure to the testing process by defining entry and exit criteria for each stage or phase. This allows testers to track their progress and make sure they have adequately tested each aspect of the system before moving on to the next step. Finally, STLC helps teams streamline their workflow by providing checkpoints for them to review throughout the development cycle.

The STLC Phases

The STLC consists of six main phases:

  1. Requirement Analysis
  2. Test Planning
  3. Test Case Development
  4. Test Environment Setup
  5. Test Execution
  6. Test Cycle Closure

#1 Requirement Analysis Phase

The first phase of the STLC is Requirement Analysis, which involves understanding and analyzing customer requirements. During this stage, testers will work with developers to create an in-depth list of features and functions that need to be tested. This process helps teams ensure they are testing all aspects of the system and can also give them ideas for possible test cases.

Once the list of requirements is complete, testers must review it to make sure it accurately reflects the customer’s needs. If any changes need to be made, they should be documented before moving on to the next phase.

#2 Test Planning Phase

The Test Planning phase is the second step in the STLC. This phase involves gathering and analyzing requirements, making a test plan document that outlines the approach to testing, and developing a schedule for completing various activities. During this stage, testers should identify which tests need to be run and how they will be executed.

The test plan document should include information such as the type of tests that need to be performed, their objectives, resources required for testing, estimated time needed for completion, and any other relevant details. After creating this plan document, testers can use it as guidance for executing their tests according to the specified timeline.

#3 Test Case Development Phase

The third step in the STLC is the Test Case Development phase. During this stage, testers create individual test cases that they can use to validate the software system’s functionality. This process involves writing detailed steps for each test and documenting any relevant notes or additional information.

Testers should also record the expected results of their tests along with other information such as prerequisites, resources needed, and potential risks associated with each test case. By creating comprehensive test cases, teams can save time and resources by reusing them for future tests.

#4 Test Environment Setup Phase

The Test Environment Setup phase is the fourth step of the STLC. This process involves setting up a testing environment that meets all requirements for the successful execution of tests. During this stage, testers should configure the environment according to specific user requirements and verify that all necessary hardware and software components are available.

Additionally, they should identify any potential issues or bottlenecks in the setup process that could affect test execution. Once the environment is ready, it can be used to run tests as part of the next phase.

#5 Test Execution Phase

The Test Execution phase is the fifth step in the STLC. This involves running each test case on the software system while checking for accuracy and performance. Testers should also document their findings throughout this stage and record any unexpected results or bugs found during testing.

The goal of this phase is to identify any issues before releasing a product to customers so they can be addressed and fixed.

#6 Test Cycle Closure Phase

The Test Cycle Closure phase is the last step in the STLC. During this stage, testers should review their tests to verify that they are comprehensive enough to identify any issues with the software system. Additionally, testers should also analyze their test results and document any observations or feedback before finalizing the project.

This process helps teams ensure all requirements have been met and that there are no remaining issues before releasing a product to customers.

Once all activities are complete, the testing cycle can be considered finished and teams can move on to other tasks.

Benefits of STLC

The most important benefit of using a structured software testing life cycle (STLC) is that it helps teams identify and address any potential issues before releasing a product to customers. By following the steps outlined in this process, organizations can save time and resources while ensuring their software systems are of high quality. Additionally, using STLC also allows testers to document their findings and gain valuable insights into the system’s performance.

Limitations of STLC

While STLC offers many benefits for software development teams, it does have some limitations as well. For example, if there are changes to the project’s requirements or timeline, testers may need to modify their test plan accordingly which could require additional work and resources. Additionally, different testers may interpret requirements differently which could lead to discrepancies in results.

Final Thoughts on STLC

The Software Testing Life Cycle (STLC) offers many benefits for software development teams including time savings, cost reductions, and improved quality assurance measures. By following this structured approach, organizations can ensure that their software systems meet customer requirements and provide excellent performance. Additionally, using STLC can also help teams identify potential issues early on in the development process so they can be addressed before release.

Why Should I Consider Hiring Independent Testers for Effective Quality Assurance?

Many companies question if they need to hire independent software testers. After all, don't developers test their work as they go? Following are some reasons to consider hiring testing professionals for your projects.

To ensure that a product meets the highest standards of quality independent testers, such as Iterators LLC, work closely with developers but remain outside the development process. This separation of roles and responsibilities plays a vital role in identifying potential issues, mitigating risks, and ultimately delivering a superior product to clients.

One of the primary reasons independent testers are worth their weight in gold is their ability to approach testing from an unbiased perspective. While developers possess an in-depth understanding of the software they create, they may inadvertently overlook certain aspects or assume that the product functions as intended. Independent testers bring a fresh set of eyes to the process and can identify potential issues that may have been missed during the development phase.

The requirement documents provide a foundation for the development team, outlining the expected functionalities and features of the software. However, these documents alone are not always sufficient to ensure a flawless end product. This is where exploratory testing comes into play. Independent testers employ this technique to thoroughly examine the software, looking for any unexpected behavior, usability issues, or edge cases that may not have been explicitly documented. By conducting exploratory testing, testers can uncover critical defects and ensure that the software meets the clients' expectations.

The role of independent testers becomes even more crucial when considering the financial impact on clients. If issues are discovered after the release of a product, it not only leads to customer dissatisfaction but also results in additional expenses for the client. These expenses can include allocating resources to fix the problems, potential loss of revenue due to customer churn, or even damage to the brand's reputation. By engaging independent testers, organizations can significantly reduce the likelihood of such post-release issues, thereby protecting their clients from unnecessary expenses and maintaining a positive relationship.

In conclusion, independent testers, like Iterators LLC, play a vital role in ensuring effective quality assurance for software development projects. By working outside the development process and following requirement documents while conducting exploratory testing, they provide an unbiased evaluation of the product. Their efforts significantly contribute to identifying and resolving potential issues before the release, ultimately saving clients from additional expenses and enhancing customer satisfaction. The collaboration between developers and independent testers is a critical aspect of delivering high-quality software that meets the clients' expectations.

Relevant Resources:

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https://iteratorstesting.com/blog/jmeter-vs-loadrunner Comparing JMeter vs LoadRunner: Which Performance Testing Tool is Better? 2023-04-27T07:12:00+00:00 2023-09-13T08:47:26+00:00 David Willcox https://iteratorstesting.com/

Performance testing tools are essential for ensuring the appropriate level of performance when launching a web application. There are many available options out there, but two of the most popular and well-known ones are Apache JMeter and HP LoadRunner.

In this article, we’ll be discussing their differences and similarities to help you make an informed decision about choosing the right performance testing tool for your project. We’ll go over what makes JMeter and LoadRunner unique, their features and advantages, and finally compare them in a head-to-head matchup to help you decide which one is the best fit for your needs.

In This Article
Comparing JMeter vs LoadRunner: Which Performance Testing Tool is Better?
Making the Right Choice: Analyzing JMeter vs LoadRunner for Performance Testing Needs
What is JMeter?
What is LoadRunner?
JMeter vs LoadRunner: Which Tool is Better?
Conclusion

Making the Right Choice: Analyzing JMeter vs LoadRunner for Performance Testing Needs

Performance testing is an integral part of application development and software maintenance. It helps businesses ensure that the applications they develop are not only functional but also reliable and efficient. Depending on their specific requirements, organizations need to choose between two popular performance testing tools – JMeter and LoadRunner.

In this section, we will analyze both these tools and discuss the features of each to help you decide which one is right for your performance testing needs. By analyzing and comparing JMeter vs LoadRunner you can make an informed decision on the best performance testing solution for your organization's needs.

What is JMeter?

J Meter logo

JMeter is an open-source, Java-based tool designed for performance testing of web applications. It offers a wide range of features including real-time results analysis, detailed reports, and scalability. Additionally, its flexibility allows it to be used for a variety of tests including load, stress, and functional testing.

JMeter is highly customizable, allowing users to configure it for the specific requirements of their project. It also supports a wide range of protocols including HTTP, SOAP, and FTP. Additionally, JMeter has built-in support for functional regression tests with assertions and variable substitution capabilities. Furthermore, its easy-to-use graphical user interface makes it simple to use and master.

Key features of JMeter:

  • Easy-to-use GUI design and interface
  • Powerful result analysis and caching capabilities, including graphs, reports, and data exports
  • Multithreading framework that allows concurrent sampling of different functions
  • Highly extensible core with powerful plugins that extend the functionality
  • Dynamic input capabilities, allowing applications to be tested in real-time
  • 100% Java scripted environment for creating complex test scenarios
  • Pluggable samplers for added functionality and control
  • Data analysis and visualization tools for evaluating results
  • Ability to create custom plugins for additional functionality
  • Compatible with a wide range of protocols, such as HTTP, HTTPS, SOAP / REST, FTP, and more
  • Scriptable samplers that support JSR223-compatible languages, BSF-compatible languages, and BeanShell.

What is LoadRunner?

Load Runner logo

HP LoadRunner is a commercial, enterprise-level performance testing tool designed for comprehensive system and application-level testing. Its powerful features include application performance monitoring, scalability, and load testing in distributed environments. Moreover, it has an integrated development environment that allows for quick test creation, debugging, and customization.

Load Runner uses virtual users to simulate realistic load scenarios, enabling you to analyze the performance of your web application under various conditions. It supports all major protocols such as HTTP/S, SAP, Oracle NCA, and SOAP. Additionally, LoadRunner has built-in support for distributed load testing with an easy-to-use controller interface.

Key features of LoadRunner:

  • Interactive User Transaction Simulation that allows users to simulate user transactions, including login and logout
  • Accurate scalability expense prediction that helps users accurately predict the cost of scaling their applications
  • Supports a wide range of apps such as .NET, Java, SOAP, Flex, HTML 5, ERP, legacy, GWT, Silverlight, Ajax, and Citrix
  • Mobile Testing to ensure the performance, stability, and scalability of mobile applications
  • Cloud Testing helps users test their applications on the cloud and identify issues quickly
  • Continuous Testing to get feedback on the performance of their applications continuously
  • A refined user interface to make it easier for users to create, monitor, and analyze their performance tests
  • Root Cause Analytics allows users to identify and isolate issues quickly.

JMeter vs LoadRunner: Which Tool is Better?

When attempting to decide between LoadRunner vs JMeter, there are a few factors that need to be considered. These include:

  • type of application being tested
  • budget constraints
  • desired scalability and complexity of the testing process.

JMeter is often preferred over LoadRunner due to its open-source and free nature. Additionally, JMeter’s scripting language is easier to learn than LoadRunner’s complex recording system, making it more accessible for developers and testers.

LoadRunner on the other hand is better suited for projects that require scalability and distributed testing in large environments. It offers powerful features such as application performance monitoring and debugging capabilities, allowing developers to quickly identify issues and resolve them.

Conclusion

In conclusion, both JMeter and LoadRunner offer great performance testing tools for web applications. The choice ultimately depends on the nature of your project and the features you need. If you’re looking for an open-source tool that is easy to use then JMeter may be the best fit for you. However, if you’re looking for powerful features such as application performance monitoring and scalability then LoadRunner is the tool to go with.

Related Resources:

Best Manual Testing Tools

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https://iteratorstesting.com/blog/qa-testers-kpis-and-metrics How To Measure Quality Assurance Performance With KPIs and Metrics For Testers 2023-04-13T09:00:00+00:00 2023-11-22T13:50:21+00:00 David Willcox https://iteratorstesting.com/

Quality Assurance (QA) testing is an essential part of the software development lifecycle, ensuring that products and services meet customer needs and expectations. However, it’s not enough to rely on traditional QA methods such as manual testing or simple test plans. To enhance the quality assurance process, it is crucial to monitor and measure Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) related to customer interactions and satisfaction.

In this article, we will provide an overview of QA testing KPIs and metrics, why they are important to track, the benefits of tracking them, the types of quality assurance metrics that should be tracked, and how automated test management tools can help with data collection and analysis. With this information, teams can make better decisions regarding their quality assurance processes and gain insight into how their product testing is performing. So, let's get started!

In This Article
How To Measure Quality Assurance Performance With KPIs and Metrics For Testers
Measuring the Success of Quality Assurance with KPIs
Understanding Quality Assurance KPIs and Metrics
Types of QA Testing KPIs and Metrics
Streamlining the Testing Process with Test Management Tools
Conclusion

Measuring the Success of Quality Assurance with KPIs

The process of software development is complex, and ensuring the quality of a product requires extensive testing. QA testing is an important part of any successful software project, as it helps to identify potential risks before releasing the product to customers. KPIs and metrics are commonly used in QA testing to track the progress of a project and improve its quality.

Understanding Quality Assurance KPIs and Metrics

KPIs (Key Performance Indicators) and metrics are important tools used to measure the success of a product or project. KPIs typically measure individual performance, while metrics measure overall progress. They allow organizations to track how well they're achieving their goals and objectives, as well as identify areas for improvement. When it comes to QA testing, KPIs for quality assurance and QA metrics can be used to measure the effectiveness of testing efforts and identify any potential issues before they become major problems.

Tracking qa kpis

Tracking QA KPIs and metrics for the quality department is essential for ensuring that all software applications are delivered to customers with the highest levels of reliability and quality. This helps to minimize risks, improve customer satisfaction, and reduce costs associated with fixing defects after a product has been released. Additionally, it can also help organizations identify areas for improvement in their QA processes and adjust them accordingly. By tracking KPIs and metrics related to quality assurance testing, organizations can ensure that their products have the highest possible levels of quality and reliability.

Capturing and examining quality assurance Key Performance Indicators and metrics can bring you a multitude of advantages. Improved product quality is one of the most important, as it ensures that customers receive a high-quality product that meets their expectations. Additionally, tracking metrics and KPIs can also enhance overall performance, leading to increased efficiency and cost savings for the organization.

Types of QA Testing KPIs and Metrics

There are two main types of QA Testing KPIs and metrics: product quality metrics and process quality metrics.

Product Quality Metrics

Product quality KPIs and metrics measure the effectiveness of the testing process in identifying defects. These include:

  • Defect Detection Percentage (DDP)
  • Number of Bugs Detected
  • Test Coverage
  • Defect Density

Defect Detection Percentage (DDP) measures the number of defects found during testing relative to the total number of code lines. The higher the DDP, the more effective the QA process is in finding and fixing defects. The number of Bugs Detected measures how many defects have been identified during testing. Test Coverage measures how thoroughly a product has been tested, while Defect Density measures the number of bugs per KLOC (1,000 Lines Of Code).

Process Quality Metrics

Process Quality Metrics measure the efficiency of a QA testing project. These include:

  • Planning Efficiency
  • Test Time Efficiency
  • Cost Control Metrics

Planning Efficiency measures how quickly an organization can develop a test plan and execute it. Test Time Efficiency measures the amount of time needed to complete a testing project, while Cost Control Metrics measure how cost-effective the QA process is. By tracking these metrics, organizations can ensure that their QA testing projects are efficient and cost-effective.

Other KPIs for Testers

See the chart below to view more examples of another successful testing Key Performance Indicators.

Qa testers kpis
  1. Time to Resolution: This metric measures the amount of time it takes to find, fix and validate tests for a given defect.
  2. Test Automation: This KPI keeps track of the number and complexity of automated tests in relation to manual tests.
  3. False Positives: This KPI assesses the number of false positives generated by testers during their testing cycles.
  4. Bug Recurrence Rate: This metric tracks the rate at which previously solved defects resurface in software or applications after the bug has been fixed and released.
  5. User Acceptance Testing (UAT) Success Rate: This metric tracks the success rate for user acceptance testing, which helps QA testers gauge whether or not a software application is ready for deployment.
  6. Mean Time to Repair: This KPI measures the amount of time it takes for software teams to address and fix defects identified during testing cycles.

By understanding and tracking software testing KPIs, organizations can ensure that their products are of the highest quality and reliability. Additionally, they can also use this data to identify areas for improvement in their QA processes and make necessary adjustments accordingly.

Streamlining the Testing Process with Test Management Tools

To enhance the performance of quality assurance testers, organizations can leverage Test Management Tools to track and optimize key performance indicators. Test Management Tools offer powerful solutions for managing test cases, results, and reports in an organized way. These tools can provide improved efficiency and accuracy during the software testing process through automation, easier collaboration among teams increased visibility into test progress and tracking of KPIs and metrics.

Some of the most popular and effective Test Management Tools on the market include HP Quality Center, IBM Rational Quality Manager, Microsoft Test Manager, QMetry Test Management, Zephyr Enterprise Edition, and others. By leveraging these tools, organizations can more accurately measure the success of their QA testing processes to ensure that they are consistently delivering high-quality products to customers.

=>See an overview of the best test management tools in our comprehensive article.

Conclusion

In conclusion, tracking Quality Assurance (QA) KPIs and metrics are essential for organizations looking to improve the quality of their products while reducing costs associated with fixing defects post-release. There are two main types of QA testing KPIs and metrics: Product Quality Metrics, which measure the effectiveness of the testing process in identifying defects; and Process Quality Metrics, which measure the efficiency of a QA testing project. Additionally, Test Management Tools can provide organizations with powerful solutions for managing test cases, results, and reports in an organized way. Overall, tracking Quality Assurance Testing KPIs and metrics is essential for any organization looking to optimize its software testing process.

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https://iteratorstesting.com/blog/best-manual-testing-tools Top 10 Manual Testing Tools for Your Team 2023-02-06T12:24:00+00:00 2024-01-16T13:18:52+00:00 David Willcox https://iteratorstesting.com/

Manual testing is an essential part of software development. It involves executing a program or application with the intent of finding errors and verifying that it meets the requirements specified by the customer. As one of the oldest forms of quality assurance in software, manual testing has been around since computers were first developed. Today, manual testers have access to sophisticated tools and techniques that can help them find issues quickly and accurately.

So if you’re looking for reliable manual testing tools, this is the article for you! Read on to find out more.

Best Manual Testing Tools for Finding Vulnerabilities


#1 Selenium
#2 Jmeter
#3 Bugzilla
#4 TestLink
#5 Jira
#6 LoadRunner
#7 Mantis
#8 ALM
#9 ZAP
#10 UFT

#1 Selenium

Selenium logo svg

Supported Platforms: Windows, Linux, and macOS

Price: Free

Selenium is one of the most popular manual testing tools out there. It's an open-source suite of software that allows you to automate tests for web applications, written in any language. Selenium supports multiple browsers and operating systems, making it a great choice for cross-platform testing. It also has great support for continuous integration and DevOps, allowing you to quickly and easily automate your testing. Selenium also supports integration with other popular tools, such as Jenkins and Docker.

Features of Selenium:

  • Cross-browser Testing: Selenium can be used to automate tests across multiple browsers, including Internet Explorer, Firefox, Chrome, and Safari. Additionally, it supports mobile platforms such as iOS, Android, and Windows Phone.
  • Cross-Platform Support: Selenium can also be used to automate tests on different operating systems such as Windows, Mac OSX, and Linux.
  • Scalability: Selenium can be used to create automated tests that scale to thousands of users, ensuring that the application being tested is able to handle high traffic levels.
  • Compatibility with Different Programming Languages: Selenium supports different programming languages such as Java, C++, Python, Ruby, PHP, and Perl. This makes it easier for developers to create automated tests without having to learn different programming languages.
  • Easy Integration with Continuous Integration and Testing Tools: Selenium can be integrated with continuous integration and testing tools such as Jenkins, Bamboo, and TeamCity, allowing teams to automate their software development processes.
  • Flexible and Extensible: Selenium can be used to create highly customized tests, allowing developers and testers to tailor their automated tests according to the specific needs of their applications. Additionally, its APIs can be used to extend its capabilities even further.

With so many features and capabilities, it’s easy to see why Selenium is one of the most popular manual testing tools on the market today.

#2 JMeter

J Meter logo

Supported Platforms: Windows, Linux, and macOS

Price: Free

JMeter is a powerful open-source testing tool for performance and load-testing web applications. It’s designed to help developers and testers quickly identify potential bottlenecks in their applications, by simulating real user scenarios. It supports multiple protocols including HTTP, HTTPS, JDBC, LDAP, SOAP, and FTP.

Features of JMeter:

  • Easy-to-use GUI: JMeter has an easy-to-use graphical user interface (GUI) which makes it simple to create test plans and run tests with just a few clicks. This simplifies the process of setting up performance tests for web applications.
  • Extensible: The JMeter API can be used to extend its features and add custom components, allowing developers and testers to customize their tests according to the specific requirements of their applications.
  • Protocol Support: JMeter supports various protocols such as HTTP, HTTPS, JDBC, LDAP, SOAP, and FTP, making it easy to test applications that use different protocols.
  • Multi-Threading: JMeter supports multi-threading, allowing developers and testers to simulate thousands of simultaneous users on the application being tested. This ensures that the application can handle high traffic levels.
  • Reporting and Analysis: JMeter provides detailed reports that allow developers and testers to analyze the performance of their applications and identify potential bottlenecks.

By providing powerful features, great flexibility, and detailed reports, JMeter is an invaluable tool for load-testing web applications. It’s no wonder why it’s one of the most popular open-source testing tools on the market today.

#3 Bugzilla

Bugzilla logo

Supported Platforms: Windows, Linux, and macOS

Price: Free

Bugzilla is an open-source bug-tracking system used by software developers and managers to track, manage, and report bugs. It provides a powerful web-based interface that makes it easy for users to enter bugs, assign them to other users, and keep track of their progress.

Features of Bugzilla:

  • Web-Based Interface: Bugzilla has an intuitive and easy-to-use web-based user interface which makes it simple for users to enter, manage, and report on bugs.
  • Detailed Tracking: Bugzilla provides detailed bug tracking features such as assigning priority levels, setting deadlines for bug resolution, adding comments, and attaching files to individual bugs.
  • Notifications and Alerts: Bugzilla can be configured to send notifications and alerts to users when a bug is created, changed, or resolved. This makes it easy for teams to keep on top of the progress of their bug resolution efforts.
  • Security: Bugzilla provides robust security features that allow users to control who can access and modify bug reports.
  • Extensible: Bugzilla’s API can be used to extend its features and customize them according to the specific needs of an organization or project.

Bugzilla is a proven and effective resource for overseeing, managing, and monitoring bug issues in software progress. It's easy to see why it’s the most popular defect-tracking tool available currently! With its user-friendly capabilities and powerful components, Bugzilla is an ideal choice for keeping on top of your software development projects.

Test Link logo

Supported Platforms: Windows and Cloud

Price: Free

TestLink is a web-based test management tool used to plan, manage, and report on software testing projects. It provides a powerful web-based interface that makes it easy for users to create tests, assign them to other users, and keep track of their progress.

Features of TestLink:

  • Test case management: TestLink provides an intuitive test case management with a simple web-based interface that enables users to create, modify, and delete tests. It also allows testers to assign tests to other users and keep track of their progress.
  • Requirement mapping: TestLink makes it easy to map requirements to test cases, helping to ensure that all tests are relevant and up-to-date.
  • Test execution: TestLink allows users to execute tests through a web-based interface, making it easy to track progress as well as report any issues or successes.
  • Integrations: TestLink can be easily integrated with other systems like defect tracking and continuous integration tools, providing a more comprehensive view of the testing process.
  • Reporting: TestLink provides detailed reports that are easy to interpret and share with stakeholders, helping teams make better decisions about software development projects.

Overall, TestLink is an intuitive test management tool designed to help teams plan, manage, and report on software testing projects. With its integrations with other systems like defect tracking and continuous integration tools, TestLink is an all-in-one solution for software testing teams.

#5 Jira

Jira logo

Supported Platforms: Windows, Linux, and macOS

Price: Free plan, and paid plans starting at 77,50$/month

Jira is an issue-tracking and project-management tool used by software development teams. It provides users with a simple, web-based interface to track tasks, bugs, and other issues related to their projects. It also enables teams to collaborate on projects in real time and create detailed reports for stakeholders.

Features of Jira:

  • Name and categorize tasks: Jira lets users easily name and categorize tasks, bugs, or other issues related to their projects. This helps teams stay organized and keep track of the progress of their projects.
  • Prioritizing tasks: Jira enables users to prioritize different tasks within a project, giving teams an easy way to manage workloads and focus on the most important tasks.
  • Real-Time Collaboration: Jira’s real-time collaboration feature allows users to discuss tasks, share ideas, and solve problems together in one place.
  • Reporting: Jira provides detailed reports that can be easily shared with stakeholders, helping teams make better decisions about their projects.
  • Integrations: Jira can be easily integrated with other systems like version control and continuous integration tools, providing a more comprehensive view of the project development process.

Boasting intuitive issue-tracking and project management capabilities, Jira is designed to empower software development teams with a comprehensive solution for tracking tasks, bugs, and more. Furthermore, its integrations with other systems such as version control and continuous integration tools make it an unparalleled all-inclusive toolset that no team should have to function without!

Related Resources: Top Mobile Application Testing Tools

#6 LoadRunner

Load Runner logo

Supported Platforms: Windows, Linux, and macOS

Price: Community Edition is Free to Download, Paid plans

LoadRunner is a performance testing tool used to identify the maximum workload capacity of an application. It enables teams to simulate real-world user scenarios and test system behaviors under extreme load conditions.

Features of LoadRunner:

  • Simulate real-life user scenarios: LoadRunner enables users to simulate real-life user scenarios, helping teams gain insight into how their applications will behave under extreme loads.
  • Test system behavior: LoadRunner helps teams test the system's behaviors and performance, giving them an understanding of how their application will perform in production.
  • Analyze results: LoadRunner provides detailed reports that can be analyzed to identify areas of improvement and understand the application’s maximum workload capacity.
  • Integrations: LoadRunner can be easily integrated with other systems such as version control and continuous integration tools, providing a more comprehensive view of the testing process.
  • Customizable tests: LoadRunner provides users with customizable test scripts that can be used to simulate a variety of user scenarios.

LoadRunner is the go-to performance testing tool for software development teams. With its ability to simulate real-world user scenarios and test system behaviors, LoadRunner enables teams to quickly identify areas of improvement and understand their application’s maximum workload capacity. Additionally, its integration with other systems such as version control and continuous integration tools make it an invaluable tool for any team looking to optimize their application’s performance.

We compared the features of JMeter vs LoadRunner in this article so that you can choose which performance testing tool is right for you.

#7 Mantis

Mantis logo

Supported Platforms: Windows, Linux, and macOS

Price: Open Source Tool

Mantis is a web-based bug-tracking system that helps software development teams identify and manage issues in their projects. It enables users to track bugs and feature requests, prioritize tasks, and collaborate on projects in real time.

Features of Mantis:

  • Issue tracking: Mantis enables users to easily track, manage, and prioritize bugs and feature requests in their projects.
  • Real-time collaboration: Mantis provides real-time collaboration capabilities, allowing teams to work together on issues more effectively.
  • Reporting: Mantis provides detailed reports that can be used to measure progress and identify areas of improvement.
  • Customizable workflow: Mantis enables users to customize the workflow for their projects, allowing them to create a more efficient process for resolving issues.
  • Integrations: Mantis can be easily integrated with other systems such as version control and continuous integration tools, providing an end-to-end solution for issue tracking and management.

Mantis is the perfect tool for software development teams looking to stay on top of issues in their projects. With its comprehensive issue-tracking capabilities, real-time collaboration features, customizable workflow options, and integrations with other systems, Mantis provides teams with a powerful solution for managing tasks and resolving issues quickly and efficiently. Whether teams are just getting started or already have an established workflow, Mantis is the perfect tool for streamlining and improving the issue resolution process.

#8 ALM

ALM Logo

Supported Platforms: Windows, Linux, macOS, Solaris, AIX, etc.

Price: Paid

HP Application Lifecycle Management (ALM) is a comprehensive set of tools designed to streamline the development process. It enables teams to plan, develop, test, and deliver software projects more efficiently and effectively.

Features of ALM:

  • Project Management: ALM provides users with an intuitive interface for managing projects, allowing them to easily track progress, assign tasks, and set deadlines.
  • Requirement Tracking: ALM enables users to easily capture requirements and keep track of changes in real time.
  • Test Automation: ALM provides tools for automating the testing process, allowing teams to quickly identify and address issues.
  • Collaboration: ALM enables users to collaborate on projects in real time, improving communication and increasing efficiency.
  • Integrations: ALM can be integrated with other systems such as version control and continuous integration tools, providing an end-to-end solution for software development.

HP ALM is an ideal solution for software development teams seeking to optimize their workflow and maximize productivity. ALM grants teams access to a complete suite of project management, requirement tracking, test automation, and collaboration tools that provide the ability to collaborate seamlessly and deliver high-quality products faster. ALM provides a comprehensive solution that can help teams optimize their processes and deliver better software faster.

#9 ZAP

ZAP logo

Supported Platforms: Windows, macOS, and Linux

Price: Free to Download

ZAP (the Zed Attack Proxy) is an open-source web application security testing tool. It enables users to scan websites for vulnerabilities and identify potential security risks. ZAP provides users with an intuitive interface for finding and remedying security issues in their web applications, allowing them to protect their websites from malicious activity.

Features of ZAP:

  • Vulnerability Scanning: ZAP provides detailed scans for finding potential vulnerabilities in web applications, such as SQL injection and cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks.
  • Dynamic Analysis: ZAP enables users to perform dynamic testing, allowing them to observe how their web applications behave in real time.
  • Penetration Testing: ZAP allows users to simulate realistic attacks and identify any potential security risks.
  • Reporting: ZAP provides users with detailed reports for analyzing the results of scans and testing activities.
  • Integrations: ZAP can be integrated with other systems, such as version control and continuous integration tools.

ZAP is the go-to tool for web application security testing. With its comprehensive suite of vulnerability scanning, dynamic analysis, and penetration testing features, users can easily find and solve any potential issues with their websites - from those just starting out to established workflows. ZAP provides a total solution that helps teams uncover vulnerabilities early on so they don't turn into major problems down the line. It's perfect for ensuring your web applications are secure!

#10 UFT

UFT logo

Supported Platforms: Windows

Price: Free Basic Plan, and paid plans

Unified Functional Testing (UFT) is an automated testing tool designed to help teams quickly and easily test their software applications. It enables users to create tests for any combination of technologies, such as web, mobile, desktop, and API. UFT provides users with an intuitive interface for creating and managing tests, allowing them to quickly and easily identify issues in their applications.

Features of UFT:

  • Record & Playback: UFT enables users to create tests without writing any code by recording and playing back user actions.
  • Test Automation: UFT provides tools for automating the testing process, allowing users to quickly and easily run tests over multiple platforms and technologies.
  • Data-Driven Testing: UFT provides a data-driven testing feature that enables users to test their applications with different sets of data.
  • Reporting: UFT provides users with detailed reporting for analyzing the results of tests, allowing them to identify areas for improvement.
  • Integrations: UFT can be integrated with other tools, such as version control and defect tracking systems.

Unified Functional Testing (UFT) is the go-to automated testing tool for teams that are committed to enhancing the reliability and quality of their applications. With UFT, teams can efficiently test their software with ease and confidence - so you can rest assured knowing your application is up to par with industry standards.

Summary

In conclusion, there are a variety of manual testing tools available to help teams ensure their software applications are reliable and secure. From open-source options like Selenium and ZAP to commercial solutions like UFT, each tool provides different features to help teams optimize their processes and deliver better software faster. The right tool for your team depends on the scope of your project and the specific needs of your organization. With the multitude of manual testing tools available, teams can easily find a solution that works best for them.

FAQ

What is manual testing?

Manual testing is the process of testing software manually, without relying on automated tests. It involves creating and running test cases to identify any issues such as bugs or design flaws.

What are some of the benefits of using manual testing tools?

Manual testing tools provide teams with a range of benefits, including improved efficiency, faster testing cycles, and more detailed reporting. They also enable teams to quickly identify any issues in their software applications at an early stage.

How can I choose the right manual testing tool?

Choosing the right manual testing tool depends on the scope of your project and the specific needs of your organization. Consider features such as record & playback, test automation, data-driven testing, reporting, and integrations to find a tool that best meets your requirements.

Are there any free manual testing tools available?

Yes, there are some free manual testing tools available, such as Selenium and ZAP. These tools provide basic functionalities but may lack advanced features. Paid solutions such as UFT also offer more comprehensive functionality.

How can manual testing help me improve the quality of my software applications?

Manual testing helps teams identify any issues with their applications quickly and easily, allowing them to improve the quality and reliability of their software before it is released. This can help reduce costs associated with fixing bugs after release.

What other types of testing should I consider?

In addition to manual testing, teams may also want to consider automated testing, performance testing, security testing, and usability testing. Each type of testing provides teams with different insights that can help them improve the quality of their software applications.

Valuable Resources:

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https://iteratorstesting.com/blog/women-in-tech-real-leadership-in-the-workplace-how-inclusive-is-your-company Women in Tech: Real Leadership in the Workplace. How Inclusive Is Your Company? 2023-02-01T08:00:00+00:00 2023-09-11T08:22:01+00:00 Jill Willcox https://iteratorstesting.com/

Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion (DE&I) is one of the most important and timely topics companies are addressing today. HR departments are actively recruiting diverse talent, and companies are hiring DE&I leaders, as well as training managers to build inclusive teams. Iterators LLC has recognized DE&I since its inception and were founded on the principle that people with diverse backgrounds enhance and strengthen software testing outcomes.

Since then, we have received two federal awards from the Library of Congress and completed software testing for mobile apps, too many to count, on iOS, Android, and Kindle Fire platforms. Along with our regular testing, we work with API teams to flesh out bugs causing user issues. We created the user manuals for the mobile apps and remediated any PDFs that live on the website so that they are compliant and able to be read with a screen reader for the visually impaired. We also produce the HTML output.

All our employees have a disability and complete valuable work for our clients. Employees may have a speech and language disorder crossing their lifespan or be on the autism spectrum, two very different issues, while some employees have ADHD and dyslexia. Others have a visual impairment and complete user testing for us. Regardless of the disability, our employees have been trained in software testing techniques, certified in ISTQB, and are Accessibility testers, WCAG 2.2, Sec 508 by the Department of Homeland Security. Many do not pick up social cues as quickly as others, and we provide feedback. Our employees are dependable and hardworking.

Great Picture Of Cic Office

With this success, we added a few seats in a shared space and were confident it would work out. The worksite would be closer for our employees—something to think about with winter coming in Boston—and we've had no issues at Cambridge Innovation Center (CIC) since moving there almost five years ago. I was hopeful, so it was a surprise that we received an email the first day after reviewing the Community Standards: "Just a reminder to clean up your workstations when you move locations or leave at the end of the day. You left some garbage and a dirty snack dish behind, but I've taken care of that for today."

I learned more about this when I spoke to our employee: An individual in the shared space walked around and placed candy packets at every seat location. Our employee was not at the desk when the candy was left, and neither felt the item was his nor that he should touch it. Therefore, the article remained untouched where it was placed. The email went on: "We need a way to give feedback productively and act on breaches of Community Standards. Without that open line of communication, membership does not work. Community Standards are how our team can facilitate a large and diverse group-sharing space."

In another instance, our employee introduced himself to another community member. Later that day, we received an email stating that "solicitation for work is against Community Standards" and suggested using the "Community Slack channel" to introduce ourselves. We were reminded again that we must adhere to the Community Standards, or our membership may need to be canceled.

I understand the importance of community and its mores, but I also often think of leadership and am reminded that it only takes one visionary to make substantial changes

Jill Willcox

I understand the importance of community and its mores, but I also often think of leadership and am reminded that it only takes one visionary to make substantial changes. In the 2016 Fortune article "The AIDS Activist and the Banker," Patricia Sellers speaks with two brothers, Peter and Jes Staley. As Jes rapidly climbed the ranks at J.P. Morgan during a traditionally homophobic era on Wall Street, Peter insisted that LGBT candidates be included in the interview process. Jes said his brother “enabled him to see ‘firsthand the greatest human courage that I've personally ever witnessed’ and to understand the importance of diversity in the workplace.”1 He witnessed his brother stay closeted by day, so he could keep his job while working as an AIDS activist. Jes concluded, "I don't think any social issue is static." 1 This is just as true today as it was 30 years ago. With a focus on DE&I, I think an open-minded, compassionate approach to Iterators’ employees would ease our transition into the new workspace.

Leadership and DE&I is essential in the public sector as well, affecting millions of people’s lives. Peter Staley’s article in The New York Times this past December, “Anthony Fauci Quietly Shocked Us All,” enlightened readers on Dr. Fauci’s contributions to the AIDS crisis as a then researcher at the National Institutes of Health. He recalls, “I couldn’t shake the feeling that as the head of our government’s AIDS research efforts, Dr. Fauci had my life in his hands.”2 And Dr. Fauci did not disappoint. Showing leadership within the organization, he focused on what was ethically right for a population “branded radical homosexuals,”2 working to get them access to experimental drugs and advancing the issue of diversity and inclusion.

So, with that in mind, and as the leader of Iterators, I decided to continue enabling our employees’ success and move back permanently to CIC. We love CIC and how welcomed we've always been. We wanted to see real inclusion at work, not separated by disability status, housed separately, or separated from what is commonly called neurotypicals. We tried to make it easier on our employees during the winter and let others witness how hard we work daily. As the Australian author John Atwood has said in many talks (but paraphrased here), he's not worried about the neurodiverse but about the neurotypicals.

  1. https://fortune.com/longform/barclays-jes-staley-global-500/
  2. https://www.nytimes.com/2022/12/31/opinion/anthony-fauci-hiv-aids-act-up.html
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https://iteratorstesting.com/blog/best-mobile-automation-testing-tools 10 Best Mobile Application Testing Tools in 2023 2022-11-07T17:30:00+00:00 2024-01-16T13:38:40+00:00 David Willcox https://iteratorstesting.com/ As the mobile app development landscape, characterized by constant innovation, continues to evolve, so too must the tools and technologies used to test these apps. With new platforms, frameworks, and devices being released all the time, it can be hard to keep up with the latest trends in mobile automation testing. To address this challenge, leveraging app automation solutions becomes crucial for seamless and efficient testing processes.


That's why we've put together this list of the best mobile automation testing tools and native mobile automation systems currently available. Whether you're looking for mobile app testing software reviews to help you test your app's functionality, UI, or performance, we've got the best mobile automation testing tools covered.

For effective mobile web testing software engineering, it's essential to incorporate native mobile automation best practices and ensure the incorporation of robust test scripts. Additionally, partnering with a reputable mobile test automation service provider can significantly enhance the quality of your testing efforts, providing specialized expertise and resources dedicated to optimizing your mobile app testing strategy.

So without further ado, here are the 10 best app testing tools for 2023.

Top Mobile App Testing Tools for Automation Testing


#1 Appium
#2 TestRigor
#3 Selendroid
#4 Calabash
#5 Ranorex
#6 Katalon
#7 TestGrid
#8 Kobiton
#9 Perfecto
#10 KIF

#1 Appium

Appium

Supported Platforms: iOS, Android, Windows, and Linux

Price: Open source tool

Appium is an open source test automation tool for mobile apps. It can be used to test native, web, and hybrid apps.

Features of Appium:

  • Support common programming languages: Java, JavaScript, Python, Ruby, and C#.
  • Proof is available in multiple languages for your convenience, these include but are not limited to Ruby, Java, PHP, Node and Python.
  • Easy to setup on a different platform
  • You are not limited to a specific testing framework
  • You don't need to install anything on the device
  • The Selenium WebDriver JSON wire protocol is still operational
  • Integrates with BrowserStack, and Jenkins
  • It can be integrated with other tools with the help of Java
  • Supports Security Testing, Web Testing, API Testing, Performance Testing, and more
  • Provides Record-and-replay, Cross-browsing functionality, real devices testing, No-code automation

If you're looking for a tool to help you automate your mobile app testing, Appium is a great choice. It's an open source tool that supports multiple platforms and can be used with any testing framework.

#2 TestRigor

Test rigor

Supported Platforms: iOS, Android, Windows

Price: Free Public Open Source, and paid plans starting at $900/month

TestRigor is a mobile automation testing tool that supports both native and web apps. It has a number of features that make it a great choice for mobile automation testing.

Features of TestRigor:

  • Support programming languages: Python, Java, Ruby, JavaScript, PHP, and C#
  • Supports API Testing, Audio Testing, Functional Testing, Security Testing, and more
  • Integrates with TestRail, Zephyr, XRay, Jira, Azure DevOps, Jenkins, CircleCI, Azure DevOps, and more
  • By combining Web, Mobile, and API testing into a single process, we can more quickly and accurately find errors.
  • Web Recorder
  • Provides Record-and-replay, No-code automation, Cross-browsing functionality
  • There are no limits to the number of users or tests
  • Email & SMS testing
  • Offers such frameworks as Android, iOS, Angular, React, React Native, and Flutter
  • Offers 2FA login support, Mocking of API calls, Validation of downloaded files, Accessing DBs, Generate unique test data, multiple browsers and devices, and Reusable Rules
  • English for test cases and requires no coding

TestRigor is a great choice for mobile automation testing. It supports multiple platforms and can be used with any testing framework. It also offers a number of features that make it a great choice for mobile automation testing, including support for multiple programming languages, and seamless integration with popular tools.

#3 Selendroid

Selendroid

Supported Platforms: Android

Price: Open source tool

Selendroid is a test automation tool for Android apps. It can be used to test native, web, and hybrid Android apps.

Features of Selendroid:

  • Support programming language: Java
  • Offers Full compatibility, No modification of app under test, Advanced User Interactions API, hot plugging of hardware devices, Multiple Android targets, and simplified test case development
  • Can interact with multiple Android devices simultaneously
  • No alteration of the app under test is needed for it's automation
  • Fully compatible with JSON wire protocol
  • The same concept for automating native or hybrid apps can be applied to mobile web apps testing
  • Supports hot plugging of hardware devices
  • Selendroid's Selenium Inspector tool is useful for mobile testing because it allows you to inspect the UI of your app
  • You can find UI elements by using different locator types
  • Test how your websites look and perform on real devices

Selendroid is a great mobile automation testing tool for Android apps. It offers great features that can make your testing for Android easy and fun.

#4 Calabash

Calabash

Supported Platforms: iOS, Android

Price: Open source tool

Calabash is a test automation tool for native and hybrid mobile apps. It can be used to test apps on iOS and Android.

Features of Calabash:

  • Support programming language: Java, and Ruby
  • Offered frameworks: Xamarin, and React Native
  • Provides APIs that are native to touchscreen apps
  • Supports both Functional and Automated testing
  • It has libraries that enable test code to automatically connect with native and hybrid applications
  • Integrates with Jira
  • Supports cucumber framework
  • Provides real device testing and record-and-replay

Calabash is a top mobile automation testing tool for native and hybrid apps. It's easy to use and can make your testing life much simpler.

#5 Ranorex

Randorex

Supported Platforms: iOS, Android

Price: Paid plans tarting at €830 per year for license and €165 annual M&S

Ranorex is a test automation tool used for various testing purposes. Mobile testing can be difficult, but Ranorex makes it easy with its low-code interface and helpful wizards - perfect for beginners.

Features of Ranorex:

  • Provides support for all popular programming languages
  • Offers different frameworks like Appium, and Selendroid
  • No jailbreak or rooting required
  • Can test all types of mobile apps, including native, web, and hybrid apps
  • Ranorex Studio provides a set of tools that makes it easy to create, maintain, and execute automated tests for mobile apps.
  • Ranorex Mobile Recorder allows you to record your interactions with a mobile app and then playback the recorded steps to test the app.
  • Ranorex Mobile Simulator allows you to test your mobile app on a simulated device.
  • Ranorex Test Cloud allows you to run your tests on real devices in the cloud.

Ranorex is a great tool for automating the testing of mobile apps. It is easy to use and has a wide range of features that make it a powerful tool for mobile app testing.

#6 Katalon

Katalon

Supported Platforms: iOS, Android

Price: Free plan, and paid plans strating at 25$/month

Katalon is a comprehensive toolset for mobile app testing. It supports both iOS and Android devices and offers a wide range of features to help you ensure the quality of your app.

Features of Katalon:

  • Supported programming language: JavaScript, Python, VBScript, JScript, Delphi, C++, and C#
  • Integrates with Azure DevOps, Google Cloud Build, BrowserStack, CodeMagic, Circle CI, Curiosity, GitHub
  • Offers Autonomous Script Generation, Speed, Flexibility & Scalability, Visibility, Innovation & AI, and Affordability & ROI, Self-Healing
  • With Flexible Test Reusability, you can easily recycle your tests across mobile platforms, APIs, and web browsers
  • Easy to set up and use, with record & playback capabilities, keywords, and image recognition.
  • Tests can be executed both locally and remotely on actual devices, simulators, or custom cloud-based devices (Sauces Lab, Kobiton, Perfecto, Lambda Test)
  • Use our insightful test reports to better monitor progress and collaborate across teams
  • Provides Record-and-replay, No-code automation, Cross-browsing functionality, and real devices testing
  • Built-in integration with such project management tools as Jira, Git, Jenkins, etc.
  • Offers frameworks: Flutter, Xamarin, and React Native
  • Supports Desktop Testing, Visual Testing, API Testing, Mobile Testing, Web Testing, and more

Katalon is a great tool for both experienced testers and those new to mobile automation testing. Its wide range of features and support for multiple platforms make it a versatile tool that can be used in a variety of situations.

#7 TestGrid

Testgrid

Supported Platforms: iOS, Android, BlackBerry and Windows

Price: Free plan, and paid plans starting from $59/month

TestGrid is a cloud-based mobile testing platform that supports both iOS and Android devices. It offers a wide range of features to help you ensure the quality of your app.

Features of TestGrid:

  • Supported programming languages: Java, C#, Ruby, Python, Perl, and PHP
  • Record-and-replay, No-code automation, Cross-browsing functionality, and real devices testing
  • Supports Security Testing, Performance Testing, IoT Testing, API Testing, Automation Testing
  • Run tests in parallel to decrease test times and get your product to market quicker
  • Cloud Infrastructure, Test Data Management Suite, On-Prem Support, IoT Automation, Robotic Test Automation, Test Case Management Suite, and API Test Automation are available
  • With our Appium and XCUITest code generator, you will be able to create downloadable code
  • No-code automation that uses artificial intelligence
  • On-cloud and on-premise are available
  • Offers such frameworks as NodeJS, and React Native
  • Integrates with JIRA, Travis, Jenkins, TestRail, GitLab, CircleCI, BitBar, MS TFS, and more

Overall, TestGrid is a great mobile testing platform that offers a wide range of features to help you ensure the quality of your app. If you're looking for a comprehensive solution to help you test your mobile app, TestGrid is definitely worth considering.

#8 Kobiton

Kobiton

Supported Platforms: iOS, Android

Price: Paid plans starting at $75/month

Kobiton is a test automation tool that makes mobile apps work better. Mobile automation tester can test apps in a fraction of the time it would normally take with Kobiton mobile device testing, using real mobile devices and next-gen automation.

Features of Kobiton:

  • Supported programming languages: C#, Java, Ruby, NodeJS, PHP, and Python
  • Offers Rich Test Logs, Capabilities, Performance, Agile Test Enabler, Customizable Test Cloud, and Optimized Efficiency
  • Integrates with Jira, Jenkins, Travis CI, TeamCity, XebiaLabs, Azure DevOps, Circleci
  • A streamlined user experience that makes it easy to conduct test sessions
  • Having a centralized location for all your team's testing history and data logs makes collaboration much easier
  • Offers No-code automation, Record-and-replay, Cross-browsing functionality, and real devices testing
  • The newest devices and configurations that are based on the cloud
  • Internal Device Lab Management is available
  • The on-premises deployment option provides extra security for your data
  • Offers such frameworks as Xamarin, React Native, Ionic, Flutter, and Electron NativeScript
  • Supports Performance, Automation, Functional and Manual Testing

Kobiton is a great tool for mobile automation testing. With its support for multiple programming languages and frameworks, Kobiton makes it easy to test your app's functionality, UI, and performance. Kobiton also offers a free trial so you can try it out before you commit to a paid plan.

#9 Perfecto

Perfecto

Supported Platforms: iOS, Android

Price: Paid plans starting at $99/month

Perfecto is a cloud-based test automation tool that helps you deliver high-quality mobile apps faster. You can test your app on real devices in the cloud, without the need for expensive infrastructure.

Features of Perfecto:

  • Supported programming languages: Java, JavaScript, C#, Python, and PHP
  • Record-and-replay, No-code automation Cross-browsing functionality, and real devices testing are provided
  • Automated Testing, Continuous Testing, Mobile Application Testing, Interactive Testing, and Web Testing are supported
  • Coverage that can't be beat, across all platforms and testing scenarios
  • Offers Intelligent Reporting & Debugging, Visual Creation, Cloud-Based Collaboration, Intelligent Test Creation & Maintenance, Automatic Device Cleanup, Live Session Sharing, and Secure Local Tunneling
  • Get new devices, operating systems, and more on the same day they release
  • Integrates with Eclipse, IntelliJ, Appium, Perfecto, Espresso, Quantum, Jira, TestNG, JUnit, Slack
  • A cloud platform that streamlines web and mobile app testing
  • Reliable security and scalability for businesses of all sizes
  • Offers such frameworks as Flutter, Xamarin, and React Native

Perfecto is a great mobile automation testing tool if you're looking for something that will help you deliver high-quality mobile apps faster. It supports a wide range of programming languages, platforms, and testing scenarios. It also offers strong security and scalability features making it ideal for enterprise-grade mobile app testing.


#10 KIF

KIF

Supported Platforms: iOS

Price: Open source tool

KIF is a free test automation platform for iOS that helps you automate UI testing. It's easy to use and integrates well with popular continuous integration tools like Jenkins and Travis CI.

Features of KIF:

  • Supported programming language: C
  • Integrates with Xcode
  • Having everything in a single language (Objective C) makes it simpler for iOS developers to learn
  • KIF interacts with UI elements using their accessibility labels
  • React Native framework is offered
  • Offers Xcode, Minimizes Indirection, Easy Configuration, Wide OS, and Xcode
  • Has impressive command line and CI features.
  • It supports gestures pretty well
  • Functional Testing is supported
  • Real devices testing and Record-and-replay, testing are provided

KIF is an excellent tool for automating iOS app testing. It's easy to use and integrates well with popular continuous integration tools. It offers a wide range of features, including support for programming languages like C, seamless integration with Xcode, and support for different frameworks like React Native.

Summary

Overall, these are some of the best mobile automation testing tools available on the market today. If you're looking for a tool to help you test your app's functionality, UI, or performance, we highly recommend any of the tools on this list. With their support for multiple programming languages and frameworks, these tools will make it easy to test your mobile app regardless of its size or complexity. Thanks for reading!

FAQ

What is mobile automation testing?

Mobile automation testing refers to the process of automating the testing of mobile applications. This can include functional testing, performance testing, and UI testing. Automation tools can help speed up the mobile testing process by reducing the need for manual input and allowing tests to be run more quickly and efficiently.

What are some of the benefits of mobile automation testing?

Some of the benefits of mobile automation testing include the ability to reduce the amount of time needed for mobile testing, improve test coverage, and find bugs more easily. Automation can also help to improve the accuracy of mobile tests, as well as make it easier to re-run tests if necessary.

What are some of the best mobile app qa automation tools?

Some of the best mobile app qa tools include Appium, Perfecto, and KIF. These tools provide mobile phone application testing capabilities for various applications such as iOS, Android, and Windows Phone. No matter the size or language of your app, these various tools can support you. Their easy-to-use interface makes creating a mobile app simple and quick.

How do I choose the right mobile automation testing tool for my app?

When choosing a mobile automation testing tool, it's important to consider the specific needs of your app. Some things to remember include the size and complexity of your app, the programming languages you're using, and the frameworks you're working with. Additionally, it's essential to consider the features offered by each tool and how well they fit with your overall testing strategy.

Appium vs Selendroid. What tool is better?

The mobile app testing tools Appium and Selendroid both offer advantages and disadvantages. In this mobile testing tools comparison, it is difficult to determine which one is the best. If you are specifically looking for options that are better suited to Android app testing, then Selendroid is one of the top Appium alternatives.

Appium is an open-source mobile automation framework that allows users to test mobile applications across different platforms, including iOS and Android. Selendroid is an Android app testing software only.

Appium mobile testing services offer an intuitive user interface, making it easier to use for mobile application automation and mobile testing. It is also compatible with any mobile testing framework, including iOS and Android, which makes it a great choice for mobile application testing. Appium also allows users to test mobile applications on multiple devices simultaneously, and it supports mobile application debugging in real-time. With these features, Appium is one of the most reliable and comprehensive mobile app testing tools online.

Selendroid is a mobile automation framework created by the Google Appium team. It is specifically designed for mobile application testing on Android devices. It is a powerful mobile test automation framework that can be used to test mobile applications on different versions of Android. Selendroid supports mobile application debugging, mobile application debugging in real-time, mobile application simulation, mobile environment simulation, and other mobile testing features.

As you see from the mobile automation testing tools comparison, both Appium and Selendroid offer mobile application testing tools and mobile automation frameworks. Both mobile app testing tools have their own advantages and disadvantages, making it difficult to decide which mobile testing tool is better. Ultimately, the best mobile app testing software will depend on the mobile applications you are testing and your mobile automation testing requirements.


Helpful Resources:

Client Project Case Study in Software Testing

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https://iteratorstesting.com/blog/mobile-app-performance-testing Mobile App Functional and Performance Testing 2022-10-04T07:57:00+00:00 2023-09-11T08:26:44+00:00 David Willcox https://iteratorstesting.com/

Mobile Apps provide unique challenges for development and especially for software testing. This article describes some of the key challenges in functional and performance testing of mobile apps and provides suggested resources for improving the mobile application performance testing.

In This Article
Mobile App Functional and Performance Testing
Why Are Mobile Apps Unique?
Are There Different Types of Mobile Apps?
Why is Mobile App Testing Challenging?
Who Should Test a Mobile App?
Who Needs to Performance Test Mobile Apps?
Strategy for Performance Testing Mobile Apps
Summary

Why Are Mobile Apps Unique?

One reason mobile apps are unique is that mobile devices are unique. There is a wide range of devices for both Android and iOS operating systems ranging from phones that are several years old, to tablets that are much larger and brand new. Android devices, in particular, are produced by multiple manufacturers and some of these devices remain running on older versions of the operating system with distinct features.

Another reason that mobile apps are unique is that mobile devices are mobile. Apps are then used with a wide range of environments. The quality of internet connections then varies widely from high quality WIFI within your home, to low quality cellular content in a subway tunnel.

Additionally, mobile app users are often multitasking and running several different apps at the same time, receiving notifications from various services, playing music, etc.

Are There Different Types of Mobile Apps?

There are three main types of mobile applications: Standard, Network and Hybrid. A standard app is one that runs entirely on the phone regardless of having an internet connection. For example, perhaps a puzzle game that does not require the internet to play the game. The other extreme is a network app will only work when it has a full internet connection. An example might be a weather radar app which has to download real time information to be useful. In contrast, a hybrid app is one that uses the internet, but also has some functionality without the internet. Most apps are in this category. For example, the app could download information from the internet (videos, messages, etc), and then the user can watch this downloaded content while offline.

These different types of apps then have different testing requirements. Bugs may occur as different apps are running and using resources on the phone.

Why is Mobile App Testing Challenging?

Performance test mobile apps

These different types of apps and different mobile configurations increase the complexity of testing an app. At a minimum, a mobile device farm is needed to allow a range of devices to be tested. The device farm can be a set of actual devices, simulators, or remote devices available over the web. It is impossible to take mobile application performance test for all devices, display sizes, operating systems, etc, so some creativity is needed in order to effectively test a mobile device.

Who Should Test a Mobile App?

Developers perform the first set of testing as they develop their app, however, a separate set of software testers should also perform the end-to-end testing of the app under realistic conditions. For example, a developer may test on the simulator available in the development environment, or on their own phone. Often, this also means that the developer is on the same network as the backend server that supports the content available for the app. We at Iterators had one client with an app that included GPS location as part of their app and a back end server that stored all of the information. We reported several bugs even related to the login feature and the developers had trouble replicating these bugs because they had local access to the backend server, while we were at a different location and were not able to reliably access the server through the app.

In general, it is very helpful to have a set of independent software testers in addition to the developers. Software Testers provide a different perspective and should look at the software from the user’s perspective. Developers and Product Owners tend to use the “happy path” because they know how the software was designed. The testing process for software should include testing a variety of conditions, not just using the software as intended, in order to uncover issues that could arise from users attempting to use the software. This is important for ensuring user satisfaction and successful software usage.

Who Needs to Performance Test Mobile Apps?

Mobile app testing

Performance testing is very important for most mobile apps. Apps that do not use a network connection should still be tested on a variety of phones and tablets that have different operating systems and on older devices that have slower processors. Apps that do use a network connection have the additional need to test on variety of network connections, including dropped connections.

Performance testing can be completed as part of functional testing. Software testers should pay attention to the responsiveness of the system as the testing is completed under different network conditions.

If the app involves the use of a backend server, then the server performance should also be tested. This should consider the number of users that are expected during the rollout. The expected number of users can be simulated using API performance testing software that can track the response time for typical user interactions. Another common problem is to consider the performance of the production server rather than a staging server. Often, projects use a staging server that has a different configuration than the production server. It is important to try this out before the launch so that the production server is ready to go at launch time.

Development environments often have the option to monitor network traffic and the interactions can be monitored directly. Software testers can do this as long the developer provides a debug build of the app. Note that the debug build may impact the performance of the software too, and this can provide a good stress testing of the performance of the app.

Strategy for Performance Testing Mobile Apps

Strategy for performance testing mobile apps

A strategy must start with objectives. Is your app going to be used worldwide, or by a niche set of users? Will there be thousands of users simultaneously or only a small chance of simultaneous users? Will the demand be relatively even each day, or are there peak demand needs, such as introducing a sale or a new download? The second component is to look at the architecture of your design to look for potential issues. Perhaps your app has a niche market and your content is provided by a single server running the backend of your app. In this case, it is definitely useful to test from a remote location so that the testing is not done on the same network as the server itself.

A smaller app could then benefit from an initial triage with actual software testers. We at Iterators, LLC have tested several apps and websites with performance issues. We observe these issues as we also perform functional testing for the app. Sometimes this can be sufficient for apps expected with light usage on the backend and the key metric is to make sure that the server responds in a reasonable amount of time.

Apps expected to have more requests sent to the backend require additional planning and tools to complete the testing. The next section describes available tools that can create traffic from multiple users and then track the response times.

Best Mobile Performance Testing Tools

Best mobile performance testing tools

The following introduces several mobile application performance testing tools with links to their websites for more information. When it comes to a mobile performance testing approach, you should research these to determine which fits your needs whether that means you are looking for a free tool that you are willing to invest time learning to use, or a more expensive tool that is preconfigured to be easier to use.

Postman is a standard tool for functional and performance testing of APIs. This tool enables users to create performance tests that can simulate various loads on the backend server and measure their effect on the overall system's performance.

Blazemeter and JMeter are other useful tools for API performance testing. These tools are often compared to each other, so research which is best for your needs. JMeter is also a good option for taking load testing.

Akami Cloudtest also provides API testing features for your backend server.

Apptim is designed more specifically for mobile apps and includes several aspects of mobile app performance. This includes checking battery usage, screen rendering time, nonresponsiveness

Eggplant is a major vendor with several performance tools for mobile apps. This tool can be used as part of a Continuous Integration / Continuous Deployment (CI/CD) pipeline.

Tricentis is another major supplier of testing tools including Performance testing.

Summary

Mobile apps are unique in that they are designed for use on small, portable devices. This can make performance testing challenging, as you need to take into account factors such as screen size and battery life. Who should test a mobile app? Who needs to performance test mobile apps? We hope we've answered these questions.

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https://iteratorstesting.com/blog/software-testing-conferences-usa The Top Software Testing Conferences in the USA 2022-09-28T11:02:00+00:00 2023-12-25T13:01:33+00:00 David Willcox https://iteratorstesting.com/

As the software testing industry is always evolving, it's important to stay ahead of the curve and keep up with the latest trends and standards. Attending software testing conferences by top software testing companies and individuals is a great way to do this, as you'll be able to learn from some of the best minds in the industry.

If you're based in the United States, there are plenty of great conferences to choose from. In this article, we'll highlight some of the top software testing conferences in the United States.

Below you will find recommended software testing events for both 2022 and 2023.

5 Leading Software Testing Conferences in the USA in 2022

Below you'll find the list of conferences that software testing companies might want to attend in what remains of 2022:

  • STARWEST
  • Association for Software Testing (AST) Conference
  • Pacific Northwest Software Quality Conference
  • International Conference on Software Testing Process (ICSTP)
  • International Conference on Software Maintenance Planning, Engineering and System Testing
In This Article
The Top Software Testing Conferences in the USA
5 Leading Software Testing Conferences in the USA in 2022
1. STARWEST Conference
2. Association for Software Testing (AST) Conference
3. Pacific Northwest Software Quality Conference (PNWQA)
4. International Conference on Software Testing Process (ICSTP)
5. International Conference on Software Maintenance Planning, Engineering and System Testing
4 Top Software Testing Conferences in the USA in 2023
1. STAREAST Conference
2. The American Society for Quality: ASQ World Conference on Quality and Improvement
3. USENIX Symposium on Operating Systems Design and Implementation
4. Software Test Professionals (STP) Conference
Summary

1. STARWEST Conference

Dates: October 2 - October 7, 2022

Location: Anaheim, CA & Online

STARWEST conference

STARWEST is one of the leading software testing conferences in the USA. Held annually in Anaheim, California, it attracts attendees from all over the world. The conference features over 100 presentations and workshops on a wide range of topics, making it an ideal event for anyone looking to stay up-to-date with the latest trends and developments in software testing.

Some of the top speakers at STARWEST include:

- Mike Wacker, Principal Engineer at Amazon

- Matt Heusser, Managing Consultant at Excelon Development

- Lisa Crispin, Co-author of "Agile Testing"

The conference is a great opportunity to learn from some of the best minds in the industry and stay up-to-date with the latest trends.

2. Association for Software Testing (AST) Conference

Dates: November 7 - November 8, 2022

Location: San Diego, CA

AST conference

Association for Software Testing is another premier software testing conference in the United States. In addition to learning from top industry minds, AST offers plenty of networking opportunities, so you can make valuable connections with other professionals in the field.

Some of the top speakers at this year's AST conference include:

- Lisa Crispin: co-author of "Agile Testing" and "More Agile Testing"

- Matthew Heusser: author of "How software is built"

- Mike Lowe: creator of the popular blog "Testing in the Pub"

If you're interested in attending the AST conference, you can find more information on their website.

3. Pacific Northwest Software Quality Conference (PNWQA)

October 2 - October 7, 2022

Portland, OR & Online

PNSQC conference

If you're looking for a software testing conference in the Pacific Northwest, the PNWQA is a great option. Meeting and learning from some of the brightest minds in the industry, this experience will help you stay ahead of the curve in quality assurance and testing. You'll have a lot of chances to mingle with other professionals in your field.

Some of the top speakers at this year's PNWQA conference include:

- Jennifer Bonine: author of "Testing in the Cloud"

- Matt Heusser: author of "How software is built"

- Mikey Ciarlante: creator of the popular blog "The QA Lead"

The PNWQA conference is a great opportunity to learn more about the quality assurance field!

4. International Conference on Software Testing Process (ICSTP)

Dates: October 27 - October 28, 2022

Location: Los Angeles, CA

ICSTP conference

The International Conference on Software Testing Process (ICSTP) is another great event to attend if you want to stay ahead of the competition. You will be able to learn from experienced professionals and get an inside look into current trends.

Some of the top speakers at International Conference on Software Testing Process include:

- keynote speaker Geir A. Olsen

- testing process expert Kevin T. McGrath

- software testing and analysis guru Doris Chen

These are just some of the top speakers that will be in attendance at the International Conference on Software Testing Process. You won't want to miss out on this unique opportunity to learn from some of the best in the business.

5. International Conference on Software Maintenance Planning, Engineering and System Testing

Dates: December 9- December 10, 2022

Location: New York, NY

ICSMPEST conference

The International Conference on Software Maintenance Planning, Engineering and System Testing (ICSMPEST) focuses on the latest advances in software maintenance, engineering and system testing. Attendees will have the opportunity to learn from experts in the field and network with other professionals.

Some of the top speakers at ICSMPEST include:

- Dr. Andreas Zeller, who is a professor of software engineering at the University of Saarland in Germany.

- Dr. Daniel M. German, who is a professor of computer science at the University of Victoria in Canada.

- Dr. Lionel C. Briand, who is a professor of software engineering at École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne in Switzerland.

If you're interested in staying up-to-date with the latest trends in software testing, this is a conference you won't want to miss.

4 Top Software Testing Conferences in the USA in 2023

If you are already working on your 2023 professional development schedule, the following US software testing events are worth considering adding to your calendar.

1. STAREAST Conference

Dates: April 30 – May 5, 2023

Location: Orlando, CA & Online

The STAREAST conference is one of the most prominent software testing conferences in America. It is held in Orlando, Florida every year, and it attracts people from all over the world. The conference, which attracts thousands of attendees each year, includes over 100 presentations and workshops on a range of themes, making it an ideal event for anybody interested in staying up to speed with current software testing trends and advancements.

The speakers at STAREAST will be announced soon. STAREAST is the companion conference to STARWEST.

The conference is a great opportunity to learn from some of the best minds in the industry and stay up-to-date with the latest trends.

2. The American Society for Quality: ASQ World Conference on Quality and Improvement

Dates: May 7-10, 2023

Location: Philadelphia, PA

The ASQ World Conference on Quality and Improvement is a can't-miss event for anyone involved in software testing and quality assurance. Attendees can expect to gain valuable insights from experts in the field, exchange knowledge with fellow professionals, and learn about the latest trends and developments in software testing.

3. USENIX Symposium on Operating Systems Design and Implementation

Dates: July 10-12, 2023

Location: Boston, MA

The USENIX Symposium on Operating Systems Design and Implementation is one of the premier events for software testing and software development professionals. Attendees of the conference will have the opportunity to hear from some of the leading researchers in software testing and development, as well as learn about recent advances made in these fields.

4. Software Test Professionals (STP) Conference

Dates: April 10-23, 2023

Location: Washington, DC

Software Test Professionals is a can't-miss event for anyone involved in software testing and quality assurance. Attendees can expect to learn new skills, acquire fresh insights from subject-matter experts, and collaborate with other testers.

Summary

If you're a software testing company or software tester and looking to stay ahead of the curve in the software testing industry, attending at least one of these top conferences is a great way to do so. You'll have the opportunity to learn from some of the best minds in the business and network with other professionals. So mark your calendars and make plans to attend one of these events in 2022 and 2023!

Relevant Resources:

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https://iteratorstesting.com/blog/art-of-software-testing The Art Of Software Testing 2022-09-19T11:41:00+00:00 2023-12-25T13:06:14+00:00 Jill Willcox https://iteratorstesting.com/

The Importance Of Software Testing: Why Quality Assurance Matters

There is an art to testing software. As software testers, testing desktops, websites, mobile testing and enterprise software projects, in Functionality testing, Exploratory testing, Accessibility testing, WCAG2.2, Section 508 and Automation, including Automated Regression testing, we can often walk a fine line when developers tell a mutual client that they can test the application without software testers.

Of course, we don't agree as our job is quite different than that of a developer. As independent software testers, we provide clients with comprehensive software testing so that as many bugs can be found and fixed before the client signs off on a project, releasing the developers and signing off on the project.

In This Article
The Art Of Software Testing
The Importance Of Software Testing: Why Quality Assurance Matters
Why Software Testing Is Essential for Quality Assurance
How Accessibility Testing Impacts the Library of Congress
What To Consider When Designing for People Who Are Blind
BARD Mobile: Testing and Supported Features
Summary


Why Software Testing Is Essential for Quality Assurance

Testing of the software

This happened recently, and the client decided to use our services before signing off. We found 14 high-priority bugs, which had to be pulled into a new development sprint.

It took an additional two weeks for the apps to be fixed and once completed,we completed V&V-Verification and Validation testing-to ensure all the bugs were fixed before the app is released to the client. Our client was thrilled that she was not left to deal with these bugs after the release of the three apps.

How Accessibility Testing Impacts the Library of Congress

There is also an art to testing when you are testing for the Library of Congress, National Library Service for the for the Blind and Print Disabled (NLS), Library of Congress, and BARD website using an Android phone or tablet. To be successful, YouTube is sensitive to the fact that many individuals who are blind believe all testing should be done by the blindforthe “pure blind experience.”

As accessibility testers, we understand and want to be sensitive to this point, but blindness is not absolute. We test for low vision, no vision, and color blindness. We also test for hearing impairments and deafness, motor and developmental disabilities and light-induced epilepsy. Individuals who have visual impairments often have a secondary disability so testing for only one thing is not comprehensive.

What To Consider When Designing for People Who Are Blind

Software testing

We do believe in having User Test panels that provide valuable information as to how a person who is blind would use an app differently than a sighted person and incorporate User Test panels into our testing process.

We also learned about blind etiquette, being sensitive to the language we use, and taking another person's perspective. Below, I have attached several links about blind etiquette that we found helpful.

BARD Mobile: Testing and Supported Features

Our testing was not only on the BARD Mobile, currently in development, but included testing concurrently with a braille refreshable display like the ones by Freedom Scientificand Humanware and using JAWS, and ZoomText.

BARD Mobilewas not designed and easily supported but Google has now added Braille Back to Android phones and should be more easily supported.

Android Accessibility Questions and Answers

Summary

The art of software testing is a complex and ever-changing field. As technology advances, so too do the methods and tools used to test software applications. At its core, the goal of testing remains the same: to ensure that software works as intended and meets the needs of its users.

Relevant Resources:


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https://iteratorstesting.com/blog/pdf-accessibility PDF Accessibility 2022-08-12T11:27:00+00:00 2023-09-11T08:32:16+00:00 Jill Willcox https://iteratorstesting.com/

PDFs that are not properly formatted can be difficult or even impossible for people with disabilities to access. PDFs that are not tagged correctly can also be challenging to navigate. Additionally, image-based PDFs (PDFs that are essentially just pictures of documents) are generally not accessible at all.

PDF remediation is the process of making a PDF more accessible. This can involve adding tags, alt text, and other metadata to make the PDF more navigable and understandable for people who use screen readers. PDF remediation can also involve converting an image-based PDF into a more accessible format.

Again, PDF accessibility is essential because it ensures that everyone can access and understand PDF documents. PDF accessibility guidelines and best practices can help you create accessible PDFs.

Why PDF Accessibility Is Important

PDF accessibility is an important step towards making your entire website ADA (Americans With Disabilities Act) compliant, which means it can be accessed by people with disabilities. The ADA was signed into law in 1990 to guarantee that people with disabilities have the same opportunities as everyone else in the U.S.

If your website is not ADA compliant, you run the risk of facing a liability-related lawsuit. You’re also missing out on potential customers or clients if you can’t deliver an accessible PDF to certain visitors to your website.

In This Article
PDF Accessibility
Why PDF Accessibility Is Important
PDFs and Accessibility
PDF Accessibility Guidelines
Creating Accessible PDFs
PDF Remediation
Remediating Image-Based PDFs
PDF Tagging
Adobe, Acrobat, and PDF - What's The Difference?
PDFs vs. Accessible PDFs
PDF Accessibility Testing
PDF Accessibility Guidelines and Best Practices
Differences Between PDF Remediation And Running An App Using Acrobat For Compliance
Making Your PDFs More Accessible: Summary
FAQs
What is a PDF?
What is an accessible PDF?
Why is PDF accessibility important?
What is PDF remediation?
Why is PDF remediation necessary?
Can I remediate PDFs myself?
How much does it cost to make PDF content accessible?
What are PDF accessibility guidelines and best practices?
What services does Iterators offer?

PDFs and Accessibility

Pdfs and accessibility

PDFs that are not properly formatted can be difficult or even impossible for people with disabilities to access. PDFs that are not tagged correctly can also be challenging to navigate. Additionally, image-based PDFs (PDFs that are essentially just pictures of documents) are generally not accessible at all.

PDF remediation is the process of making a PDF more accessible. This can involve adding tags, alt text, and other metadata to make the PDF more navigable and understandable for people who use screen readers. PDF remediation can also involve converting an image-based PDF into a more accessible format.

Again, PDF accessibility is essential because it ensures that everyone can access and understand PDF documents. PDF accessibility guidelines and best practices can help you create accessible PDFs.

PDF Accessibility Guidelines

There are a few different sets of guidelines that can be used to ensure a PDF is accessible. One option is the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG). WCAG is a set of international standards for web accessibility.

Another option is the PDF/UA standard. PDF/UA is a set of international standards for PDF accessibility.

Following these guidelines can help you create an accessible PDF. However, it is worth noting that not all guidelines need to be followed in order to create an accessible PDF.

Creating Accessible PDFs

Creating accessible pdfs

Creating an accessible PDF is often a multi-step process. The first step is to create the document in a format that can be easily converted into a PDF. This could be a Microsoft Word document, an Excel spreadsheet, or even a plain text file.

Once the document has been created, it can then be converted into a PDF. There are a few different ways to convert a document into a PDF. One option is to use Adobe Acrobat. Another option is to use a free online PDF converter.

Important note: Neither of these options guarantees that the converted PDF will meet accessibility standards. For best results, we recommend working with document remediation specialists. If this is something you'd like to discuss with one of our accessibility professionals, we'd welcome a conversation!

PDF Remediation

PDF remediation is the process of repairing a PDF so that it is accessible. This process can be time consuming and tricky, depending upon the content in the PDF file and whether you have access to the source file. There are all kinds of PDF remediation tools and plug-ins available that will enable you to make a PDF accessible yourself, but using one of these won’t necessarily make the document completely accessible.

However, one big step towards PDF accessibility is adding tags to the PDF file.

Remediating Image-Based PDFs

Image based pdfs

Some PDFs contain nothing but scanned images of text. This can happen when a document is scanned and automatically converted into a PDF so that it can be shared with another person easily.

Image-based PDFs are considered inaccessible because these types of documents cannot be tagged. Instead, it’s necessary to use optical character recognition (OCR) software that will convert them into text so they can be read and understood by screen reader users. It also makes the PDF editable and searchable.

PDF Tagging

Tags add coding to each piece of content found within a PDF so that the document develops structure elements and can be understood by people with disabilities. For example, every image in a PDF will receive its own tag, as will headings, paragraphs, lists, and more.

This tag structure is very similar to HTML coding and describes what each component of the PDF is so that a user with a disability can follow the flow of the document and understand what each piece of content is about. Screen reader technology reads these tags and describes to the user what each part of the document is about.

Proper tagging is not the end of the story, however. It’s an important step towards making a PDF accessible, but tagged PDFs that contain a structure tree are not always considered 100% accessible.

There are other aspects of document accessibility that must be taken into consideration to create a truly accessible PDF. This includes properly defined document language, a large enough font size, color contrast, metadata, font embedding, and bookmarks used in conjunction with meticulous tagging.

An added bonus to hosting tagged PDFs on your site is that they can help improve search engine optimization for your site, helping it rank higher in search results so customers can find you.

Adobe, Acrobat, and PDF - What's The Difference?

Adobe acrobat and pdf

Adobe is the company that created the well-known Adobe Acrobat software. Adobe Acrobat is a software program that can be used to create, view, and edit PDFs. It is the industry standard for creating and editing PDFs. However, it is important to note that Adobe Acrobat is not the same thing as a PDF. A PDF is a file format, while Adobe Acrobat is a software program.

PDFs and accessibility often go hand-in-hand because PDFs can be created in a way that makes them accessible to people with disabilities. However, not all PDFs are accessible. It is important to check the accessibility of a PDF before using it.

There are many different ways to create PDFs. Adobe Acrobat is just one option. PDFs can also be created using other software programs, such as Microsoft Word or Excel.

PDFs vs. Accessible PDFs

Not all PDFs are accessible. An accessible PDF is a PDF that has been specifically designed to be accessible to people with disabilities. Accessible PDFs often include features such as proper tagging, alt text, and other metadata. Accessible PDFs can also be created in a variety of ways, including using Adobe Acrobat or other PDF tools.

Finally, the PDF should be tested to ensure that it is accessible. This can be done using a screen reader or by checking the PDF against accessibility guidelines.

PDF Accessibility Testing

Pdf accessibility testing

After a PDF has been created, it is important to test it to ensure that it is accessible. In addition to checking the PDF against accessibility guidelines, the best way to do this is to use a screen reader.

Screen readers are software programs that can be used to read text aloud. They are often used by people who are blind or have low vision. There are a variety of different screen readers available, such as JAWS, NVDA, and VoiceOver.

PDF Accessibility Guidelines and Best Practices

Ideally, when creating a source document to convert into a PDF, accessibility best practices should be followed. To give an example, let’s say you’re creating a document using Microsoft Word that will be converted to a PDF and made available on your website. Some of the accessibility best practices when creating the document can include:

  • Keeping a lot of white space in between columns of text, which is helpful to people with low vision or sensory or cognitive disabilities
  • Using high contrast between text and the background, such as making the text black against a white background
  • Avoiding lots of graphics on one page, and conveying information about those images in the text of the document
  • Keeping the text font size at 10 point or higher

If the document is created so that it is accessible in its native format, then you must convert it to a PDF in a way that preserves its accessibility.

Differences Between PDF Remediation And Running An App Using Acrobat For Compliance

Pdf remediation and running an app

The read-out-loud function in Acrobat is not the same as a true text-to-speech assistive technology tool and does not interact with the content in the same way that a JAWS or NVDA screen reader will.

An article from Adobe explains the difference between the read-out-loud feature using the content tree versus true assistive technology tools using the tag tree. The first paragraph is relevant: https://www.adobe.com/accessibility/products/acrobat/pdf-repair-repair-tags.html.

If you want to replicate the end user's experience, we recommend this free download of NVDA. It is an open-source and free-to-use screen reader created by NV Access. About 20-25% of screen reader users globally use NVDA, and it operates similarly to JAWS (the number 1 most popular screen reading tool, which costs about $1000 for a license).

When you use the NVDA screen reader, it will announce the different elements allowing the user to tab through the heading structure, interact with the URL links, and navigate freely around the document.

To put it plainly, the assistive technology tools built for people with disabilities are much more sophisticated than the Adobe built-in read-out-loud feature.

Making Your PDFs More Accessible: Summary

PDFs can be very accessible, but they need to be properly formatted and tagged. You can assess the accessibility of your PDFs using Adobe Acrobat Reader or a third-party accessibility checker. To make your PDFs more accessible, you can add tags, markup images, and other metadata. You can also convert image-based PDFs into a more accessible format.

If you need help making your PDFs more accessible, Iterators LLC offers PDF remediation services. Contact us today to learn more about our PDF remediation services.

PDF Accessibility Resources

FAQs

What is a PDF?

As stated, a PDF—the abbreviation for Portable Document Format—is the universal type of file used so that anyone can open and view a document on the web or as an attachment in an email without the software that was used to create the source file. You can think of it as a perfect reproduction of the original document right down to the pixel that can be viewed by any type of device.

Chances are no matter what kind of business you operate, you’re sending or receiving documents in the PDF format or making them available on your website. Marketing brochures, invoices, white papers, user guides, and other documents can all be made into PDFs.

There are many types of software used to create source documents that can be converted into PDFs. Microsoft Word, Microsoft Powerpoint, and Adobe InDesign are just a few examples.

The Adobe software company developed the PDF in 1993. Adobe Acrobat is the family of software developed by Adobe to allow users to view, edit, create, and manage PDFs. Most computers and devices come standard with Acrobat Reader, which allows the user to open and view a standard PDF.

The Acrobat Pro version of the software also allows you to check PDFs for accessibility and correct at least some of the issues that are making the document inaccessible.

What is an accessible PDF?

Accessible means "able to be reached or entered."

An accessible PDF is a PDF that can be read and accessed by people with vision impairments such as blindness, color blindness, and cognitive impairment. Vision-impaired people may use assistive technology that allows them to read a PDF document using a text-to-speech screen reader or software that provides a Braille printout of the content in the PDF. Making a PDF accessible gives them the ability to access and comprehend the PDF’s copy and images.

Why is PDF accessibility important?

PDF accessibility is important because it ensures that everyone can access and understand PDF documents. PDF accessibility guidelines and best practices can help you create accessible PDFs.

What is PDF remediation?

PDF remediation is the process of making a PDF more accessible. This can involve adding metadata and tags to links and other document properties to make the PDF more navigable and understandable. To make a PDF more accessible, it may be necessary to convert an image-based PDF into another form.

Why is PDF remediation necessary?

It's the law that all content on a website must be readable by people with disabilities. If your organization is part of government, education, or healthcare or a commercial business selling goods or services, it's vital to provide accessible PDF content or you may face a discrimination lawsuit.

Can I remediate PDFs myself?

There are all kinds of tools and software available that claim to make PDF content accessible. Acrobat also has a built-in accessibility checker to help create an accessible PDF.

The problem is, unless you’re highly skilled using PDF remediation tools and the software that created the native document (such as a Word file) that was converted into a PDF, we recommend handing the remediation process over to a software testing company that offers PDF remediation services. Their testing team knows the proper techniques for WCAG (Web Content Accessibility Guidelines.)

Also, if your organization's website has a lot of PDF documents, it can be extremely time consuming to remediate them all into an accessible form.

Making a PDF accessible can be a complex and overwhelming task, depending upon the content in the document. One recommendation is to make the PDF in question an HTML page on your website because it is often easier to make web content accessible versus a PDF.

Unless you have access to the source files and are highly skilled in using a variety of PDF checkers and accessibility tools, we recommend working with a testing company that offers PDF remediation services. A trained team knows the proper techniques for WCAG, tag structure, and other digital accessibility tools to remediate the PDF(s).

How much does it cost to make PDF content accessible?

The cost of remediating PDFs depends upon the number of PDFs that have to be checked and remediated, and whether the source file for each document is available. A reputable testing company can provide an estimate for your project.

What are PDF accessibility guidelines and best practices?

There are many PDF accessibility guidelines and best practices that can help you create fully accessible PDFs. Some of these include adding tags to the pdf content, including links and forms, and other metadata to make the PDF more navigable and understandable. You can also convert image-based PDFs into a more accessible format.

What services does Iterators offer?

Iterators offers Section 508 remediation services to create accessible PDF documents. Email us at info@iteratorstesting.com and include the subject PDF Remediation.

Please include your name and contact information with the number of PDF documents you want remediated. We'll be happy to discuss this service with you and provide a quote and timeline.

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